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Cardiovascular system

System that contains the heart and blood vessels

Heart

Muscle that pumps blood

Atrium

Upper chamber of the heart

Ventricle

Lower chamber of the heart

Aorta

Largest artery of the body

Inferior vena cava

Largest vein in the body

Artery

Carries oxygenated blood away from that heart to the body tissues

Arteriole

Small artery

Venule

Small vein

Vein

Carries blood from the body tissues to the heart

Valve

Tissue that prevents backflow of blood

Cardiomyopathy

Disease of the heart muscle

Cardiology

Study of the heart

Cardiologist

A physican who studies the heart

Cardiomegaly

Enlargement of the heart

Cardionecrosis

Death of heart tissue

Cardiorrhaphy

Suturing of the heart

Cardiotherapy

Treatment of heart disease

Cardiotomy

Incision of the heart

Cardioplasty

Surgical repair of the heart

Carditis

Inflammation of the heart

Venous

Pertaining to a vein

Arterial

Pertaining to an artery

Venous thrombosis

Blood clot in a vein

MI

Myocardial infarction

CAD

Coronary artery disease

CABG

Coronary artery bypass graft

CHF

Congestive heart failure

COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

ECG

Electrocardiogram

CICU

Coronary Intensive Care Unit

CPR

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

FBAO

Foreign Body Airway Obstruction

BLS

Basic Life Support

AHA

American Heart Association

AED

Automated External Defibrillator

PE

Pulmonary embolism

EMS

Emergency Medical Services

ASA

American Stroke Association

Auscultation

To listen

Aneurysm

Ballooning of a blood vessel

Arteriosclerosis

Hardening of an artery

Arrhythmia

Irregular heart rhythm

Arteriography

Process of x-raying an artery

Venography

Process of x-raying a vein

Ischemia

Inadequate blood supply to an organ

Cerebrovascular accident

A stroke

Antihypertensive

A medication used to reduce high blood pressure

Holter monitor

A small portable monitor worn by a patient to detect a cardiac arrhythmia

Hypercholesterolemia

An excessive ammount of cholesterol in the blood

Phlebitis

Inflammation of a vein

Hypoxemia

Decrease of oxygen in the blood

Occlusion

Blockage

Apnea

Absence of breathing

Dyspnea

Difficulty breathing

Electrocardiogram

A record of the electrical activity of the heart

Stress test

Measures the efficiency of the heart during exercise

Pulmonary

Pertaining to the lungs

Echocardiography

Process of recording the sounds of the heart

Defibrillator

Device that delivers a shock to the heart

Embolus

A floating blood clot

Cardiac catheterization

A flexible tube is placed into the heart to check blood flow and the condtion of the coronary arteries

Stenosis

Narrowing

Angioplasty

Surgical repair of a blood vessel

Congenital heart defect

A heart abnormality present at birth

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