AP World History ch. 27

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ONE DAY LEFT UNTIL THE MIDTERM!! GOOD LUCK, Y'ALL!!!!

Catherine the Great

enlightened despot who expanded Russian territory and got warm water ports and introduced enlightnment ideas like universal education, she later retracted her reforms

Alexander I

conservative, formed Holy Alliance, made cultural advancements

Pushkin

Russian Romantic poet

Nicholas I

put down revolts with a secret police, censored schools and newspapers, expanded into Ottoman territory, put down liberal revolts, had little/ no industry, tightened serfs' labor obligations, imported manufactured goods for wealthy

Decemberist Uprising

revolt by military officers who wanted Nicholas' brother to rule, put down Nicholas I

Crimean War

Russians vs. Ottomans, French, and English for Ottoman territory and ports, Russia lost b/c of less superior military technology

Russification

forcing ethnic groups to learn Russian culture

Emancipation Edict

under Alexander II, freed Russian serfs, life for serfs not much better, had to pay redemption payments for the land

Zemstvos

local political councils, helped to regulate roads and schools

Intelligentsia

educated radicals, used violence, wanted political voice

Pan Slavic

a call for unification among all slavic people

anarchists

tired of tsar, don't believe in ANY gov't, used violence

pogroms

mass executions of the Jews

Lenin

revoltionary who supported Marxism, supported unions and workers going on strike

Nicholas II

reversed reforms and became more conservative, insisted on fighting in Russo-Japanese War

Bloody Sunday

AKA Revolution of 1905, caused by Russian loss of Russo-Japanese war, which led to protests and strikes

October Manifesto

documant that created the duma in Russia, created by Nicholas II

Duma

representative body in Russia

Stolypin Reforms

peasants gained some freedom of redemption payments

Kuluks

during Stolypin Reforms, landlords who bought up land that the peasants couldn't afford

Tokugawa Shogunate

inculuded regional daimyos and samurai who controlled most of Japan under the shogun

daimyo

a Japanese feudal lord

Samurai

a Japanese feudal warrior, like a knight, owed loyalty to daimyo anf shogun

Neo- Confucianism

revival of Confucianism in Japan

Commodore Matthew Perry

opened Japan to western trade

Meji Restoration

the period after the collapse of the Tokugawa shogunate in which Japan centralized, imperialized, and industrialized

prefects

district administrators

Yataro

former samurai who est. Mitsubishi Co.

Diet

Japanese legislature, modeled after Germany

Zaibatsu

a family who controls a certain aspect of the economy, AKA Old Wealth

Eiichi

went from peasant to investing money and becoming rich, example of new wealth

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