judicial branch vocab

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judicial branch

the branch of government thatacts as the justice system of the us

precedent

decision used as an example to set standards for future cases

strict constructionist

someone who feels the constitution should be interpretted literally word for word

loose constructionist

feels the constitution and other laws should be interpretted considering our current times and conditions

jurisdiction

the authority to interpret and administer laws

federal laws

laws created by congress for all us

state laws

laws created by state legislatures for individual states

lower courts

handle day to day work of the judicial branch

district courts

the trial courts of freedom district courts

appellate court

hears appealed cases from district courts

appeal

request for higher court to hear case

supreme court

highest court in the us

judicial review

gives court power to determine whether gov't laws and actions are constitutional

justice

judge that serves on supreme court

corrections system

used for dealing out punishment for breaking laws

jail

a local or county correctional institution where inmates serve less than one year for a misdemeanor

prison

state or federal correctional system where inmates serve more than a year for felony crimes.

probation

when a prisoner remains free but under court's supervision

retribution

the idea that criminals deserve punishemnt for comitting a crime

rehabilitation

when prisons reform prisoners to contribution to society

deterrant

the idea that the fear of prison keeps citizens from committing a crime

protection

the idea that prisons keep society safe from criminals

capital punishment

the death penalty

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