objects that archaeologists dig for that were used by early hominids. These include tools, clothing, art, weapons, and toys.
walking on two feet
walking on more than two feet
An early hominid that belonged to "Lucy"'s species and were not very smart.
An early homind:
• first tool-makers
• ate meat
• excessive amounts of protein in food made their brains grow
• because it was difficult to find meat, they were constantly on the move and therefore burned calories quickly so they had to eat a lot
scientific classification term for modern day humans
An early homind:
• 1.5 meters tall on average
• rarely lived past 40
• had short limbs to keep heat in
• had large noses to cool them down because sweat would freeze in conditions of their time
• 40% thicker bone mass than humans
• extremely tough- fractures from head to toe
• killed and ate wooly mammoth
• could communicate w/ each other
• cared about each other- buried their dead
An early homind:
• lived in Europe and northern Africa
• known for their cave art
• pretty smart
• lived well in 50s
• most similar to humans
• effective hunters- invented spear thrower
• named after a site in France where their remains were first discovered
A species in scientific classification including early hominids and modern humans
the spread of ideas and other aspects of culture from one area to another
An Australopithecus skeleton discovered and named by Donald Johanson and his team in 1974.
a scientist who studies the remains of the skeletons of early hominids.
a scientist who digs into ancient settlements to find objects made and used by early hominids.
prehistoric paintings made by hominids in caves. Cro-Magnons left clues to their culture through this.
• means "ancient stone"
• an era in which the first stone tools were made by Australopithecine
• aka Old Stone Age
• means "middle stone"
• an era in which the use of the bow and arrow, fishhooks, fish spears, and harpoon made from bones and antlers was widespread
• dogs were tamed
• logs hollowed to make dugout canoes- fishing in deep waters and crossing rivers
• aka Middle Stone Age
• means "new stone"
• Agricultural Revolution
• stone tools- polished or grinded
• made tools from stone and wood
• specialized tools
• settlements and permanent villages established
• domestication of cattle, goats, sheep, pigs
• aka New Stone Age
Model/ Out of Africa Theory
A theory that states that anatomically modern humans emerged in Africa and then spread across Eurasia eventually replacing the Neanderthals and their contemporaries. This theory, however, does not explain why the Neanderthals and their contemporaries disappeared
Multi- Regional Theory
A theory that argues that the Neanderthals and their contemporaries all gradually evolved into modern humans all independently and at different rates in several regions of the world.
A bipetal, human-like creature that walks upright (this includes humans)
The shift from food gathering to food producing whcih revolutionized human life. This shift took place in the Neolithic Age.
Five Key Traits to a Civilization
Five aspects that are essential to a prosperous civilization:
1) Complex Institutions (government, the arts, etc.)
2) Surplus of food
3) Division of Labor
4) Form of writing
the replacement of less complex to more complex hominids over time