Acid/Base & Fluid/Electrolytes

Created by aramirez9008 

Upgrade to
remove ads

Bicarbonate (HCO3-)

22-26mEq/L

Cl-

96-106mEq/L

Phosphate

2.4-4.4mg/dL

Poassium (K+)

3.5-5mEq/L

Magnesium (Mg+2)

1.5-2.5mEq/L

Na+

135-145mEq/L

TOTAL Ca+2

8.6-10.2mg/dL

IONIZED Ca

4.6-5.3mg/dL

Poor skin turgor may be caused by:

Fluid volume deficit

Cold, clammy skin may be caused by

sodium deficit
shift of plasma to interstitial fluid

Pitting edema may be caused by

fluid volume excess

flushed, dry skin

sodium excess

bounding pulse

fluid volume excess: shift of interstitial fluid to plasma

rapid, weak, thready pulse

Shift of plasma to interstitial fluid
sodium deficit
fluid volume deficit

weak, irregular, rapid pulse

Severe potassium deficit

weak, irregular, slow pulse

severe potassium excess

deep, rapid breathing

compensation for metabolic acidosis

shallow, slow, irregular breathing

compensation for metabolic alkalosis

moist crackles

fluid volume excess: shift of interstital fluid to plasma (think CHF)

restricted airway

Calcium deficit

Cramping of EXERCISED muslce

Calcium (Ca+2) deficit
Mg deficit
Alkalosis

carpal spasm (Trousseau's sign)

Ca+2 deficit
Mg deficit
alkalosis

flabby muscles

Potassium deficit

Positive Chvostek's sign

Ca+2 deficit
Mg deficit
alkalosis

Respiratory Acidosis

Always caused by a hypoventilation

pH<7.35
PaCO2>45

Respiratory Alkalosis

pH>7.45
PaCO2<35

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set