Poetry vocab terms American Lit/Comp NHHS

15 terms by nTh2013

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Figurative language

language employing figures of speech which is language not to be taken literally

Paradox

statement or situation containing apparently contradictory or incompatible elements

Irony

a situation or use of a language involving a discrepancy or incongruity

Verbal irony

what is meant is the opposite of what is said

Situational irony

an incongruity between what is appropriate or expected and what actually occurs

Dramatic irony

the author implies a different meaning from the speaker or character ( the reader knows more than the character)

Metaphor

a comparison between unlike things; may be named or implied

Simile

an explicit comparison between unlike things using like or as

Personification

human attributes given to non-humans

Symbol

something means more than what it is

Allegory

a narrative or description with a second meaning beneath the surface

Overstatement

a/k/a Hyperbole - exaggeration used for truth

Understatement

saying less than one means or with less force than required

Oxymoron

a compact paradox in two successive words
( see Paradox)

Metonymy
(Synecdoche)

one part or detail represents the whole

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