Anatomy Vocab chapter 14

25 terms by Rachellesmith7 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Appendicitis*

Inflammation of the appendix

Bile

a greenish-yellow or brownish fluid produced in and secreted by the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and released into the small intestine.

bolus

a rounded mass of food prepared by the mouth for swallowing.

chyme

Partially digested, semiliquid food mixed with digestive enzymes and acids in the stomach.

Cirrhosis

a chronic disease of the liver, characterized by an overgrowth of connective tissue or fibrosis.

Constipation

Condition characterized by difficulty in passing stool or an infrequent passage of hard stool

Diarrhea

An abnormal, frequent discharge of fluid fecal matter from the bowel

Diverticulosis

Abnormal condition of small pouches in the lining of the intestines.

Esophagus

A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.

Gallbladder

the sac beneath the right lobe of the liver used for bile storage.

Gastric gland

glands of the mucosa of the stomach that secrete HCl and hydrolytic enzymes (primarily pepsinogen, the inactive form of pepsin, a protein-digesting enzyme), which begins the enzymatic, or chemical breakdown of protein foods.

Heartburn:

burning pain in the chest occurring when part of the stomach contents escapes into the esophagus

Hepatitis

Inflammation of the liver

Jaundice

an accumulation of bile pigments in the blood producing a yellow color of the skin.

Large intestine

The last section of the digestive system, where water is absorbed from food and the remaining material is eliminated from the body. About 6 feet long and is composed of the cecum, colon, rectum and anus.

Liver

A large solid organ that lies in the right upper quadrant immediately below the diaphragm; it produces bile, stores glucose for immediate use by the body, and produces many substances that help regulate immune responses., Breaks down toxins, such as alcohol and processes nutrients into forms easier for the rest of your body to use.

Pancreas

gland posterior to the stomach, between the spleen and the duodenum; produces both endocrine and exocrine secretions.

Peristalsis

the waves of contraction seen in tubelike organs; propels substances along the tract.

Polyp

A polymer (chain) of many amino acids linked together by peptide bonds.

Rugae

elevations or ridges, as in the mucosa of the stomach

Salivary Gland

Glands of the mouth that produce saliva, a digestive secretion

Small Intestine

Digestive organ where most chemical digestion and absorption of food takes place, Digestion and absorption of food occurs in the small intestine. Here, food is acted on by various enzymes from the small intestine and pancreas and by bile from the liver.

Ulcer

An open sore or lesion in the skin or mucous membrane; may cause periodic bleeding and the formation of scars.

Urea

the main nitrogen-containing waste excreted in the urine

Villi

fingerlike projections of the small intestinal mucosa that tremendously increase its surface area for absorption.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set