history of the western theater

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33 terms

Egyptian Theater

(4000 B.C. - 1000 B.C.)

Egyptian Theater

Plays held along the banks of the Nile, outdoors, during the day
Purpose was to instruct and entertain people about moral and
religious values- (there gods and goddesses)

Religious leaders were the playwrights ( someone who writes plays)

Greek Theater

(1000 B.C. - 500 B.C.)

First Greek dramatist

Thespis

Where the greek plays held?

Plays were held outside in amphitheaters or on the temple steps

When were greek plays held?

Plays were held in the daytime

Who were the actors?

All male casts - men and boys played all the female roles

What did the greeks wear for costumes?

Costumes were simple long, white robes

How did greek actors show emtion?

Actors wore masks to express emotions (happy and sad face masks)

What were the purpose of the greek plays?

Purpose was to instruct and entertain people about religious values

Who wrote the greek play

Religious leaders were the playwrights

What was the greek chorus?

. Play made use of a chorus - one or more actors who served as a
narrator to introduce scenes

Roman Theater

(500 B.C. - 500 A.D.)

What did the Roman theater do?

They copied the greeks

Medieval Theater

(1000 A.D. - 1500 A.D.)

troubadours

Wandering troupes of actors, jugglers, musicians, and minstrels (Singers) were called troubadours. They wandered around spreading
news and plays from town to town.

What religion did the Roman theater spread?

(Christianity)

The purpose of medieval plays

to instruct and entertain the
people about the Bible and to spread the news

When were the midieval plays held?

In the day time

What three play did the mideval people write

. Mystery plays
b. Miracle plays
c. Nativity plays

What kind of plays did they write during the second half of mideval times?

morality

Who was the main characture in mideval plays?

Everyman

Other characture in morality plays?

love, hate, sad, worry

Four firsts in the Medieval Theater

a. Common man was the main character
b. Common man wrote the plays
c. Plays were held indoors
d. Plays spread the news

Elizabethan Theater

(1500 - 1700)

dramatic conventions

something
generally accepted by the audience as being real/true

Four Firsts during the Elizabethan period

a. Sound effects, trap doors, balconies
b. Elaborate costumes -donated by Queen Elizabeth
1) doublets for men
2) gowns for women
c. Prizes were given for the best plays & playwrights
d. Theater was a money-making business

The Globe Theater

Shakespeare's theater, built in an octagon

Modern Theater

(1700 - present)

England

satire (making fun of political & social institutions)

Italy

opera

France

irony (saying one thing, but meaning another)

United States

motion pictures

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