Medical Terminology #3

152 terms by sassnewt

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adip/o
lip/o
steat/o

fat

lipocyte

fat cell

-cyte

cell

steatitis

inflammation of fatty tissue

-itis

inflammation

cutane/o
dermat/o
derm/o

skin

cutaneous

pertaining to the skin

-ous

pertaining to

dermatologist

physician specializing in treating skin disorders

hypodermic

under or inserted under the skin, as in a hypodermic deficient

hidr/o
sudor/o

sweat

hidradenitis

inflammation of a sweat gland

aden

gland

-itis

inflammation

sudoresis

condition of profuse sweating also called diaphornesis and hyperhidrosis

-esis

condition

ichthy/o

dry,scaly

ichthyosis

any of several dermatologic conditions characterized by noninflammatory dryness and scaling of the skin, commonly associated with other abnormalities of lipid metabolism

-osis

abnormal condition increase (used primarily with blood cells)

kerat/o

horny tissue; hard;cornea

keratosis

any condition of the skin characterized by an overgrowth and thickening of skin

melan/o

black

melanoma

malignant tumor of melanocytes that commonly begins in a darkly pigmented mole and can metastasize widely

-oma

tumor

myc/o

fungus (plural fungi)

dermatomycosis

fungal infection of the skin

dermat/o

skin

onych/o

nail

onychomalacia

abnormal softening of the nails

-malacia

softening

pil/o
trich/o

hair

pilonidal

growth of hair in a dermoid cyst or in a sinus opening on the skin

-al

pertaining to

trichopathy

any disease of the hair

-pathy

disease

scler/o

hardening;sclera (white of eye)

scleroderma

chronic disease with abnormal hardening of the skin caused by formation of new collagen

-derma

skin

seb/o

sebum.sebaceous

seborrhea

increase in the amount and commonly, an alteration of the quality of the fats secreted by the sebaceous glands

-rrhea

discharge, flow

squam/o

scale

squamous

covered with scales; scalelike

-ous

pertaining to

xeroderma

chronic skin condition characterized by excessive roughness and dryness

-derma

skin

pyoderma

any pyogenic infection of the skin

-oid

resembling

dermoid

resembling skin

-phoresis

carrying, transmission

diaiphoresis

condition of profuse sweating, also called sudoresis and hyperhidrosis

dia-

through across

-plasty

surgical repair

dermatoplasty

surgical repair of the skin

dermat/o

skin

-therapy

treatment

cryotherapy

treatment using cold as a destructive medium

cry/o

cold

albin/o

white

cyan/o

blue

erythr/o

red

leuk/o

white

melan/o

black

xanth/o

yellow

xanthoma

yellow tumor

melanoderma

black skin

leukoderma

white skin

erythroderma

red skin

cyanoderma

blue skin

albinism

white condition

abrasion

scraping of rubbing away of a surface, such as skin, by friction

abscess

localized collection of pus at the site of an infection (characteristically a staphylococcal infection)

furuncle

abscess that originates in a hair follicle; also called boil

carbuncle

cluster of furuncles in the subcutaneous tissue

acne

inflammatory disease of sebacceous follicles of the skin, marked by comedos (blackheads),papules, and pustules

alopecia

absence or loss of hair, especially of the head; known as baldness

comedo

discolored, dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin; also called blackhead

cyst

closed sac or pouch in or under the skin with a definite wall that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material

sebaceous

a cyst filled with sebum (fatty material) from a sebaceous gland

eczema

redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries

hemorrhage

loss of large amount of blood in a short period, externally or internally

contusion

hemorrhage of any size under the skin in which the skin is not broken; also known as a bruise

ecchymosis

skin discoloration consisting of a large irregularly formed meorrhagic area with colors changing from blue-black to greenish brown or yellow; commonly called a bruise

petechia

minute pinpoint hemorrhagic spot of the skin

hematoma

elevated, localized collection of blood trapped under the skin that usually results from trauma

hirsutism

condition characterized by excessive growth of hair or presence of hair in unusual places, especially in women

impetigo

bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture

psoriasis

chronic skin disease characterized by itchy red patches covered with silvery scales

scabies

contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite

skin lesions

areas of pathologically altered tissue caused by disease, injury, or a wound due to external factors or internal disease

primary lesions

`initial reaction to pathologically altered tissue that may be flat or elevated

secondary lesions

result from the changes that take place in the primary lesion due to infection,scratching,trauma, or various stages of a disease

tinea

fungal infection whose name commonly indicates the body part affected; also called ringworm

ulcer

lesion of the skin or mucous membrane marked by inflammation, necrosis, and sloughing of damaged tissues

pressure ulcer

skin ulceration caused by prolonged pressure, usually in a person who is bedridden; also known as decubitus ulcer or bedsore

urticaria

allergic reaction of the skin characterized by eruption of pale-red elevated patches that are intensely itchy; also called wheals or hives

verruca

rounded epidermal growths caused by a virus; also called wart

vitiligo

localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches; also called leukoderma

biopsy

removal of a small piece of living tissue from an organ or other part of the body for microscopic examination to confirm or establish a diagnosis, estimate prognosis, or follow the course of a disease

skin test

method for determining induced sensitivity (allergy) by applying or inoculating a suspected allergen or sensitizer into the skin and determining sensitivity (allergy) to the specific antigen by an inflammatory skin reaction to it

cryosurgery

use of subfreezing temperature, commonly with liquid nitrogen to destroy abnormal tissue cells, such as unwanted cancerous or infected tissue

debridement

treatment that involves removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue; especially in a wound, and is used to promote healing and prevent infection

electrodessication

process in which high-frequency electrical sparks are used to dehydrate and destroy diseased tissue

incision and drainage

incision of a lesion such as an abscess followed by the drainage of its contents

skin graft

surigical procedure to transplant healthy tissue by applying it to an injured site

allograft

transplantation of healthy tissue from one site to another site in the same individual

autograft

transplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibers arranged in a lattice pattern

synthetic

transplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibers arranged ina lattice pattern

xenograft

transplantation (dermis only) from a foreign donor (usually pig) and transferred to a human; also called heterograft

skin resufacing

procedure that repairs damaged skin. acne scars, fine or deep wrinkles, or tattoos or improves skin tone irrgularities through the use of topical chemicals, abrasion, or laser

chemical peel

use of chemicals to remove outer layers of skin to treat acne scarring and general keratoses as well as cosmetic purposes to remove fine wrinkles on the face; also called chemabrasion

cuntaneous laser

any of several laser treatments employed for cosmetic and plactic surgery

cutane

skin

dermabrasion

removal of acne scars, nevi, tattoos, or fine wrinkles on the skin through the use of sandpaper, wire brushes, or other abrasive materials on the epidermal layer

auto-

self own

epi-

above on

hypo-

under below deficient

epi

above on

sub-

under below

circumscribed

Bounded by a line; limited or confined

lesion

1. A wound or injury.2. A pathologic change in the tissues.3. One of the individual points or patches of a multifocal disease

melanoma

malignant tumor of melanocytes that commonly begins in a darkly pigmented mole and can metastasize widely

nevus

1. A circumscribed malformation of the skin, especially if colored by hyperpigmentation or increased vascularity; a nevus may be predominantly epidermal, adnexal, melanocytic, vascular, or mesodermal, or a compound overgrowth of these tissues.
2. A benign localized overgrowth of melanin-forming cells of the skin present at birth or appearing early in life.

trauma

An injury, physical or mental

vermilion border

the junction between the skin aspect of the lip and the vermilion zone

vulgaris

Ordinary; of the usual type

syncope

Loss of consciousness and postural tone caused by diminished cerebral blood flow

sclerosed

...

psoriasis

A common multifactorial inherited condition characterized by the eruption of circumscribed, discrete and confluent, reddish, silvery-scaled maculopapules; the lesions occur predominantly on the elbows, knees, scalp, and trunk, and microscopically show characteristic parakeratosis and elongation of rete ridges with shortening of epidermal keratinocyte transit time due to decreased cyclic guanosine monophosphate.

histiocytoma

A tumor composed of histiocytes.

FH

Family History

colitis

Inflammation of the colon.

AIDS

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

BCC

basal cell carcinoma

Bx, bx

biopsy

cm

centimeter (1/100 of a meter

Derm

dermatology

FH

family history

FS

frozen section

I&D

incision and drainage; irrigation and debridement

ID

intrdermal

IM

intramusclar

IMP

impression (synonymous with diagnosis)

PE

physical examination

subcu,Sub-Q, subQ

subcutaneous (injection)

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