Milady Cosmetology CH 6 Anatomy, Cells

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Anatomy

the study of the structures of the human body that can be seen with the naked eye

Physiology

the study of the functions and activities performed by the body structures

Histology

the study of the tiny structures found in living tissue, microscopic anatomy

cells

the basic unit of all living things

protoplasm

colorless, jelly like substance where food elements are present.

nucleus

dense, active protoplasm in the center. Plays an important part in cell reproduction and metabolism

cytoplasm

surrounds the nucleus,needed for reproduction, and self repair

mitosis

reproduction-cell division

daughter cells

the two new cells after mitosis takes place

metabolism

chemical process where cells are nourished. Has two phases

anabolism

constructive metabolism-building up larger molecules from smaller ones. Stores food, water and oxygen for later use

catabolism

phase of metabolism-breaking down of larger cells into smaller ones. Releases energy

homeostasis

Equal anabolism and catabolism--all's well

tissue

collection of similar cells that perform a particular fundtion.

connective tissue

support, protect and bind together other tissues of the body. bone, cartlidge,ligaments, tendons, fascia, fat, adipose tissue

epithelial tissue

protective covering on body surfaces. Skin, mucus membranes, and the lining of the heart, digestive, respiratory organs, 7 glands

liquid tissue

blood & lymph, carries food, waste products and hormones through the body

muscular tissue

contracts and moves various parts of the body

nerve tissue

carries messages to and from the brain and controls and coordinates all bodily functions

organs

groups of tissues designed to perform a specific function

body systems

groups of bodily organs acting together to perform one or more functions

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