SS Chapter 2 Section 2 People, Places, & Terms

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Social Studies, Chapter two, section 2 people, places, and terms

Dynasty

a family of rulers whos right to a rule is passed on within the family.

Pharaoh

Egyptian Monarchs

Pharaoh

originally meaning "great house" or palace

Bureaucracy

an administrative organization with officials and regular procedures

Vizier

the "steward" of the whole land

Vizier

steward

Mummification

a process of slowly drying a dead body to prevent it from rotting

Hieroglyphics

meaning "priest carvings"

Hieroglyphics

meanings " sacred writings"

Hieratic script

a highly simplified version of hieroglyphics

Menes

the king united the villages of Upper and Lower Egypt into a single kingdom

Menes

created the first Egyptian royal dynasty

Hyksos

a group of people from western Asia who used horse-drawn chariots and overwhelmed the Egyptian soldiers

Hyksos

used horse-drawn chariots to attck the Egyptians

Hatshepsut

the first women to become pharaoh

Hatshepsut

built a great temple at Deir el Bahri

Akhenaton

Amenhotsep changed his name to ___.

Akhenaton

means "it is well with Aton"

Akhenaton

he closed the temple of other gods (monotheism)

Tutankhamen

restored the old gods

Ramses II

reigned from 1279 to 1213 BC; under his reign, the Egyptians went back on the offense

Cleopatra VII

tried to reestablish Egypt's independence; her involvement with Rome led to her suicide and defeat

Nile River

river beginning in Africa and coursing northward for more than 4,000 miles; longest river in the world; empties into the Med Sea

Lower Egypt

The Nile Delta; the land upstream

Upper Egypt

The part down south

Giza

where the largest and most magnificent pyramids were built

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