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The term "Dark Ages" formerly referred to the time:

between 500 and 1000 c.e.

The two centers of power during the early Middle Ages were the church and:

newly formed centralized governments led by kings.

The most important patron of music in the Middle Ages was:

the Roman Catholic Church.

The late Middle Ages witnessed

the building of great cathedrals.
the founding of universities.
the rise of the bourgeoisie.

During the Middle Ages, the status of women:

was raised through the concept of chivalry held by knights and idealized in music.

_____ is traditionally associated with collecting and organizing the chants of the church.

Pope Gregory

What does NOT characterize Gregorian chant?

triadic harmonies

A setting of Gregorian chant with one note per syllable is called:

syllabic.

A setting of Gregorian chant with two to four notes per syllable might be considered:

neumatic.

Early notation suggested melodic contours using small ascending and descending signs called:

neumes.

The service in the Roman Catholic Church that symbolically reenacts the sacrifice of Christ is:

the Mass.

The portion of the Mass that remains the same in every celebration of the service is called:

the Ordinary.

The portion of the Mass that changes from day to day, dependent on the feast celebrated, is called:

the Proper

What is the primary language of the Mass?

Latin

Of the following, which does NOT describe life in the medieval cloister?

center of trade and commerce

In addition to composing music, Hildegard of Bingen is known for:

visions that foretold the future.
founding her own convent.
writing religious poetry.

Which of the following women was not only a religious leader but also a prominent figure in

Hildegard of Bingen

For which liturgical occasion was Hildegard's Alleluia, O virga mediatrix sung?

a feast day for the Virgin Mary

Which religious figure is praised in the text of Hildegard's Alleluia, O virga mediatrix?

the Psalms

Which of the following texts are important to both Jewish and Christian practices?

the Psalms

The singing leader in Jewish religious services

the cantor.

The earliest type of polyphony was:

organum

The Notre Dame style of polyphony, in which the tenor line was based on a preexisting chant melody and the upper voice moved freely (and more rapidly), was called:

organum

The early polyphonic genre that resulted from the addition of texts to all voices was called:

motet

Which was NOT a subject reflected in the poems of the troubadours and trouvères?

the rebirth of Classical learning

According to your text, which of the following would NOT be a common subject of troubadour and trouvère songs?

work

Music of the fourteenth century underwent a change of style that became known as:

the Ars nova

The French courtly love song of the Middle Ages was called the:

Machaut

The French courtly love song of the Middle Ages was called the:

chanson

Who composed the chanson Puis qu'en oubli?

Machaut

Which does NOT characterize Puis qu'en oubli?

monophonic texture

Medieval instruments can be divided into bas and haut, meaning:

soft and loud.

The medieval ancestor of the modern trombone is:

the sackbut

All of the following represent the thinking of the Renaissance EXCEPT:

an exclusively religious orientation.

What characterizes humanism?

thinking centered on human issues and individuality
inspiration from the ancient cultures of Greece and Rome
independence from tradition and religion

Which historical event did NOT take place in the Renaissance?

the writing of the Magna Carta

Which institution supported music in Renaissance society?

the church
the city and state
the aristocratic courts

The expressive device used by Renaissance composers to pictorialize words musically is called:

word painting

The fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the Renaissance was called:

word painting

Which genre of vocal music was NOT used in Renaissance church services?

a cantus firmus

Which of the following make up the movements of the Ordinary of the Mass?

chansons

The first section of the Ordinary of the Mass, a plea for mercy in A-B-A form, is called:

Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei

What is a cantus firmus?

a fragment of Gregorian chant or a secular tune used as the foundation of a polyphonic Mass

Which early Renaissance composer exerted a powerful influence on generations of composers who followed?

Josquin

Josquin's Ave Maria . . . virgo serena is an example of:

a motet

What is the musical basis of Josquin's Ave Maria . . . virgo serena?

a Gregorian chant in the top voice, then freely composed

After the Protestant revolt of the early sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic Church responded with a movement to recapture the loyalty of its people. This was know as:

the Counter Reformation

Which was NOT a recommendation of the Council of Trent?

to use more instruments to embellish church music

Who is the composer of the Pope Marcellus Mass?

Palestrina

Of the following, which does NOT describe the intended performance practice for the

setting for a full choir

Of the following, which best describes the texture of the Pope Marcellus Mass?

six-voice polyphony

Of the following, which does NOT characterize secular music making in the Renaissance?

Women were not allowed to perform music professionally

Instruments used for outdoor performances, such as the shawm and sackbut, are categorized as:

loud

Which of the following would be considered an appropriate outdoor instrument?

the shawm

Which of the following was a lively circle or line dance, often performed outdoors?

ronde

The standard form of dance pieces, whether drawn from vocal models or popular tunes, is:

binary

The structure known as binary form is performed:

a-a-b-b

Which of the following was the chief form of Italian secular music in the Renaissance?

the madrigal

Where was the madrigal first developed?

Italy

The vivid depiction of the text through music, known as word painting, is a hallmark of:

the madrigal

The late Renaissance madrigal came to full flower in the music of:

Claudio Monteverdi

The two centers of power in the Middle Ages were the feudal lord and the state.

False

Most of the surviving music from the early Middle Ages is secular.

False

Although feudal society was male dominated, the status of women was raised by prevailing attitudes of chivalry and devotion to the cult of the Virgin Mary.

True

The order of the church services and the structure of each service are known as the liturgy

True

A setting of plainchant with many notes per syllable is called syllabic.

False

The early Christian Church adopted the responsorial singing of Psalms from the Judaic tradition.

True

The Renaissance was characterized by a much increased awareness of the cultures of learned civilizations.

True

The early exploration of the New World took place during the Renaissance.

True

Renaissance painters preferred symbolism to realism.

False

The Renaissance saw the rise of amateur musicians and home music making.

True

Like the Renaissance motet, the polyphonic setting of the Mass was often based on a cantus firmus.

True

The reform movement in the Catholic Church brought about by the Protestant Reformation was called the Counter Reformation.

True

The Council of Trent took place in the mid-sixteenth century.

True

Secular music in the Renaissance was performed only by professional musicians.

False

During the Renaissance, the study of a musical instrument was considered highly improper for ladies.

False

The two most important genres of Renaissance secular music were the chanson and the madrigal.

True

The sixteenth century saw a blossoming of instrumental dance music.

True

Instrumental music in the sixteenth century often did not specify its instrumentation.

True

Stately indoor occasions most often called for soft instruments such as recorders and strings.

True

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