the____mountains run down the western side of south america and they were home to the____indians
the amszon river is located in____America
Pacific and Atlantic
both North and South America are bordered by the ____and ____
The capital of the Incan Emoire was ____;which means "center"in the Incan language.
The offical language of the Incan Empire was ____
Incan history was recorded on knotted strings called____
Bacause the Andes are steep,dry and rocky...the Incas used ____,or steplike edges cut into the mountain,to grow their food.
The Spanish conquistador,_______, arrived in South America in the 1530's and destroyed the Incan Empire. He and his men brought diseases like smallpox and _______ which the Indians had never been exposed to...both diseases killed many Incas.
"Children of the Sun"
The work "Inca" means___________.
The Incas had much medical knowledge...they trained_________ and they also used _________ when performing surgery on a patient.
The _______built their capital city of __________ on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco.
The Olmec, an ancient people of Middle America, built large stone heads and _________-shaped temples along the Gulf Coast of Middle America.
The Mayas are another Indian culture who built a great civilization on the _______ Peninsula in Middle America.
farming, slash, burn, trees, burned
The Mayas based their culture on ______: they used a technique called ______ and ______ to farm. It meant they first cleared the land by cutting down _____ and they then _____ the stump leaving ash to use as fertilizer for their crops.
The most important religious events for the Mayan took place at large _________-_________.
The most important Aztec god was the ______god.
Aztec religion taught that the sun would not rise and cross the sky everyday without human _______. This is why Aztec religious ceremonies often included human_________.
Priests, military, artisans, slaves
Aztec society was made up of the emperor at the top, the royal family, nobles, ______,_______leaders, soldiers, _______, merchants, farmers, and ________.
Aztec soldiers had armor made from layers of heavy quilted ________.
The Aztec leader, _______, and the Aztec people were defeated by the Spanish conquistador Cortez in 1521: this marked the end of the Aztec Empire.
The Olmec Indians worshiped a god that was part ______ and part human.
___________ was at the heart of Mayan life; it was complex and involved the worship of many gods. One of their most important god was the god of _______.
The military dominated Aztec _______; They were warriors and often went to war with neighboring Indian tribes to get their human sacrifices. Being an Aztec warrior earned a man prestige, wealth and power.
The Toltecs were a group of Indians who introduced the art of _______-working to Mexico.
The Aztecs believed their sun god was at war with the forces of darkness or ________.
The ___________ are a mostly flat and grassy region of western North America.
Mound Builders, rivers
The Indians of North America who built huge mounds of dirt are called ___________. These indians lived along ________ which provided them with fish and fresh water.
The ______ were early Moundbuilders who lived in the Ohio Valley; they built small mounds (under 20 feet high). which held weapons, tools, decorative obfects and bodies.
The ______ were Moundbuilders who lived along the Mississippi River; they had no organized society and lived in small communities.
The ______ were Indians who lived in the southwestern part of North America; they built a trade center in ______ Canyon in present day New Mexico.
canals, pueblos, Adobe
To capture rainwater for crops, the Anasazi created a system of ________ and dams. They also lived in homes called _______, which were made of stone and _______. These buildings wree multi-storied often having hundreds of rooms.
The Sioux Indians lived in homes called ______ because they were easy to take apart and move which allowed them to follow the huge hers of buffalo or bison.
The indians of the Northwest Coast of north Amnerica are known for their building of _______ poles, which were carved and painted logs that looked like animals.
Choctaw, Chickasaw, Natchez
The three largest tribes that lived in what is now Mississippi were called the ________, _________ & the ________.
Much of the government or power in these Mississippi Indians was held by ______; or groups of related families. They punished criminals and protected people from violence.
Natchez, Natchez, Grand Village, Son
The ________Indians lived along______ Bluffs in the western part of MS in a village called the _________. Their chief was called the Great _____.
The Chickasaw Indians of MS lived in Northern MS along _____ Ridge; they were small in number but were well known because they were fierce warriors...even defeating the French explorers of the area.
The _______were the most numerous tribe in MS. They lived in central MS and played a game called ________, or "Little Brother of War". It was called this because it was often used instead of war to settle differences.
festival, bone pickers
The ______ of Mourning was a yearly ceremony in which the Choctaw buried their dead; but first, Choctaws called __________ cleaned bones of flesh using their long finernails.
9,000, Amazon, Mississippi
The Americas stretch more than ______miles in length, from Cape Horn in South America to Greenland, off the coast of North America. Two of the world's greatest rivers are located here...including the _______River in South America and the __________River in North America.
Northwest, Southwest, Woodland
The four main groups of Indians in North America include the _________ Indians (known for their use of totem poles), the _________Indians (known for their use of irrigation in farming), the Great Plains Indians (known for their hunting and use of the buffalo), and the Eastern _________Indians (known for their burial mounds).