An immovable joint is a(n)
A slightly movable joint is a(n)
A freely movable joint is a(n)
A suture is an example of a(n)
A joint formed by the fusion of two bones is a
Dense connective tissue is to a suture as a periodontal ligament is to a(n)
A synovial joint is an example of a(n)
A ligamentous connection such as between the bones of the lower leg is termed a
increases osmotic pressure within joint
Which of the following is not a function of synovial fluid?
It secretes synovial fluid.
Which of the following is not a characteristic of articular cartilage?
_______ ligaments function in association with synovial joints to help prevent extreme movements that might otherwise damage the joint.
around the blood vessels
Bursae may be located in all but which of the following areas?
inside the joint cavity
Luxations are painful due to stimulation of pain receptors in all locations, except
A movement toward the midline of the body is termed
The special movement of the thumb that allows it to grasp an object and hold on to it is called
A twisting motion of the foot that turns the sole inward is termed
The opposite movement of pronation is
The movements known as dorsiflexion and plantar flexion involve moving the
The elbow joint is an example of a(n) _____ joint.
movement can occur in only one axis
In a monoaxial articulation
The joint between the carpus and metacarpus I of the thumb is an example of a(n) _______ joint.
Triaxial joints are known as ______ joints.
Which of the following types of joints are found between the carpals?
Which of the following types of joints is monoaxial, but capable of only rotation?
The joint that permits the greatest range of mobility of any joint in the body is the
muscles that move the humerus
The shoulder joint is primarily stabilized by
Which ligament spans the gap between the coracoid process and the acromion?
the articular capsule is very thick
The elbow joint is extremely stable because
The radiocarpal joint is a(n) ____ joint.
The intercarpal articulations are _____ joints.
The joints between vertebrae are examples of ______ joints.
lubricate the joint
Which of the following is not a function of the intervertebral discs?
protrusion of the nucleus pulposus
A herniated disc is caused by
Compared with that of the shoulder, the articular capsule of the hip joint is
The normal movement of the hip joint during walking involves
Which of the following ligaments is not associated with the hip joint?
act as cushions and conform to the shape of the articulating surfaces
In the knee joint, the medial and lateral menisci
The structures that assist the bursae in reducing friction between the patella and other tissues are the
The ligament that provides support to the front of the knee joint is the _____ ligament.
The back of the knee joint is reinforced by _____ ligaments.
The lateral surface of the knee joint is reinforced by the _____ ligament(s).
The ligaments that limit the anterior-posterior movement of the femur and maintain the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles are the ___ ligaments.
The tibiotalar joint is an example of a(n) ___ joint.
reinforce the joint capsule
The "rotator cuff" of the shoulder functions to
The more movement a joint allows, the stronger the joint.
All of the following statements are true, except one. Identify the exception.
The structures responsible for channeling the flow of synovial fluid are
Joints that connect the fingers and toes with the metacarpal bones and metatarsal bones, respectively, are
the knee contains seven major ligaments
Complete dislocation of the knee is an extremely rare event because
both B and D
Due to the inflexibility of our skeleton, movements can only occur in
A _____ is a synarthrosis that binds the teeth to the bony sockets in the maxillary bone and the mandible.
both A and C
The surface of articular cartilage is
all of the above
Which of the following occurs when the articular cartilage is damaged?
Moving the head downward toward the chest _____ the intervertebral joints
An extension past the anatomical position is known as
Spreading your fingers apart is a form of
A twisting motion of the foot that turns the sole of the foot outward is known as
On a patient who is two days post-op, you suspect a possibility of thrombosis as evidence by pain during which type of movement?
All of the following are structural classifications of synovial joints except
Which of the following joints is an example of a ball-and-socket joint?
in all of the thoracic vertebrae
Intervertebral discs are found in which of the following locations
All of the following movements can occur across the intervertebral joints of the vertebral column except
both A and C
Which of the following ligaments assist in the stabilization of the shoulder joint?
both B and D
Which of the following athletes are at greatest risk of developing a rotator cuff injury?
The largest and strongest articulation at the elbow is the
the less mobility it has
The stronger and more stable a joint is
Degenerative changes in a joint can be the result of all the following, except
flexion and extension
Nodding your head up and down is an example of
Which of the following movements would you associate with chewing food?
The movement that is exemplified by a ballerina pointing her toes is
Muscles that extend the elbow attach to the
flexion of the forearm
Contraction of the muscle that is attached to the ulnar tuberosity results in
The joints that are subjected to the greatest forces would be found in the
less mobile than arm joints
Since joints in the legs are subjected to greater forces, they are
The most common athletic knee injuries involve the
After playing tennis, Eve notices that her shoulder is sore and later in the day finds that not only there pain when she moves her arm, but her range of motion is also limited. These symptoms are consistent with the inflammation of the