Business Law-Chapter 2

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Spring 2011- Business Law with Charles Lako Chapter 2: The Court System

ADR means...?

Alternate Dispute Resolution

The first 10 Amendments are known as...?

The Bill of Rights

Plaintiff

The party who claims to have suffered

Defendant

The party who allegedly harmed the plaintiff

Jurisdiction

The right and power to interpret and enforce the law.

In personam jurisdiction

The best power and authority can have over the defendant in a civil case.

In Rem Jurisdiction

Court authority over a property dispute.

Exclusive Jurisdiction

Only one type of Court can hear a case. Ex. Only a Federal Court can hear a bankruptcy or copyright case.

Long Arm Jurisdiction

When a person commits a crime in another state, they can required to return to where the damage was caused to defend yourself, rather than the plaintiff going to your state to sue you.

Concurrent Jurisdiction

Where more than one level Court has jurisdiction over a case.

Venue

The geographic location of the Court.

Grand Jury

Citizens subpoenaed to be a member of the jury.

Obligations of the Grand Jury...

listens to the evidence ( criminal cases) by govt. attorney. The accused is not present.

True Bill

The Grand Jury found sufficient evidence in a criminal case. The accused is found guilty.

No Bill

The Grand Jury did not find enough sufficient evidence in a criminal case.

How many Justices does the US Supreme Court have?

Nine

A Petition for Certiorari must be filed...

when one seeks to have the case heard by the Supreme Court.

A Writ of Certiorari is issued when...?

the US Supreme Court grants a hearing.

Examples of Federal Courts..

U.S. Supreme Court, US District Courts of Appeal, US District Court

Examples of State Courts

State Supreme Court, State Court of Appeal; Circuit or Superior Court

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