Chapter 12/13

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Sacco and Vanzetti

Anarchists who fled Italy to avoid draft in WWI, murdered factory worker found guilty and punished with death penalty.

Calvin Coolidge

Fit into the pro business mindset of the 1920s. Goals were to keep government involvement to a minimum in companies and let private enterprise flourish.

Warren G. Harding

Promised to return normalcy to the United States ended up having problems with world powers and in his own cabinet.

Fordney McCumber Tariff

Raised taxes on some US imports by 60 percent. Tax protected US businesses from foreign competition but made it impossible for Britain and France to sell enough goods in the US to repay debts.

Quota System

Established the maximum number of people who could enter the United States from each foreign country.

Teapot Dome Scandal

The most spectacular example of corruption. Albert Fall leased land to two private oil companies and took over 400,000 in loans, bonds, and cash. He was found guilty of bribery.

Installment Plan

Enabled people to buy goods over an extended period, without having to put down that much money at the time of purpose.

Explain how the Red Scare, the Sacco and Vanzetti case, and the rise of the KKK reflected concerns held by Americans. (412-418)

Americans feared the rise of communism as well as foreigners and immigrants. Immigrants became looked down upon as America had less need for them and with the Red Scare fueling Americans fears groups such as the KKK rose.

Describe the primary goal of the immigration quota system established in 1921. (412-418)

The goal of this system was to cut sharply on European immigration to the United States.

What did Harding want to do to return America to "normalcy"? (419-421)

Harding encouraged the steel industry to get rid of the twelve hour work day he appealed to the wants of people to have calm and peace. He attempted to keep warships not built for ten years.

Summarize the Teapot Dome scandal. (419-421)

The most spectacular example of corruption. Albert Fall leased land to two private oil companies and took over 400,000 in loans, bonds, and cash. He was found guilty of bribery.

What evidence suggests that the prosperity of the 1920s was not on a firm foundation? (422-427)

When the installment plan was introduced many economists and business owners believed that the buying was getting out of hand and the plan was just signs of fundamental weaknesses of a superficial economic prosperity.

Calvin Coolidge said, "After all, the chief business of the American people is business." What events and trends of the 1920s support Coolidge's statement?

Coolidge favored government policies that would keep taxes down and business profits up and give businesses more available credit in order to expand. People were inventing more, the automobile, the airplane, electrical conveniences, and the installment plan. All showed proof America was about business.

The cartoon criticizes President Coolidge by suggesting that-

Coolidge's policies benefited wealthy business owners.

After WWI ended, workers in many industries went on strike for wage increases and better working conditions. But in the decade that followed, public support of labor unions declined, as did union membership. Which of the following helps to explain this decline in labor union popularity?

Most labor unions had large immigration memberships.

Bootlegger

Those who smuggled alcahol from Canada, Cuba, and the West Indies.

Fundamentalism

Protestant movement grounded in a literal, or non symbolic interpretation of the Bible.

Flapper

An emancipated young woman who embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes of the day.

Double standard

A set of principles granting greater sexual freedom to men than to women.

Charles A. Lindbergh

Made the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic.

Zora Neale Hurston

A black author

Harlem Renaissance

A literary and artistic movement celebrating African- American culture.

Explain the circumstances and outcome of the trial of the biology teacher John Scopes.(434-439)

The trial was a fight over evolution and the role of science and region in public schools and in American society. Scopes ended up being found guilty and fined 100 dollars.

In what ways did flappers rebel against the earlier styles and attitude of the Victorian age? (440-443)

Flappers dressed differently with dresses above the knee and cut their hair into short bobs. They drank openly, smoked cigarettes, and talked about sex openly.

How did high schools change in the 1920s? (446-451)

More students were enrolled, catered to not only college bound students anymore, focused on teaching immigrants english.

Cite examples of the flaws of American society that some famous 1920s authors attacked in their writing. (446-451)

Conformity, materialism, and the clash between modern and traditional values.

What do the Great Migration and the growth of the NAACP and UNIA reveal about the African-American experience in this period? (452-457)

These reveal that there were still many racial problems existing for blacks. But they were being heavily fought and changed.

What were some of the important themes treated by African American writers in the Harlem Renaissance? (452-457)

They celebrated their heritage and wrote with defiance and poignancy about the trials of benig black in a white world.

In "Literature in the Jazz Age" on pages 458-459, you read excerpts from works written in the 1920s by F. Scott Fitzgerald, Edna St. Vincent Millay, and Langston Hughes. How might a phrase current at the time "flaming youth" be an appropriate and accurate phrase to describe the young people and voices in these excerpts.

This phrase would be appropriate because young pepole that day were alive with a need for newness. They were questioning the morals they lived by and the traditions they had so strictly followed for so long.

The woman shown on this magazine cover represents a lifestyle championed by which of the following 1920s figures?

Zelda Fitzgerald

The great flowering of African- American artistic activity in the 1920s known as

The Harlem Renaissance

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