a name that specifies a particular chemical but not a particular brand
a medication used to treat narcolepsy, shift work sleep disorder, and daytime sleepiness associated with sleep apnea
a longer-lasting version of modafinil, approved to treat the same conditions
experiment in which neither the doctor nor the patient knows which drug is being used
a graph comparing the size of response to the amount of drug
unconscious and unable to be aroused
effective dose for half of the animals tested
lethal dose for half of the animals tested
therapeutic index (TI)
ratio of LD 50 to ED 50
dosage difference between an acceptable level of effectiveness and the lowest toxic dose
unintended effects that accompany therapeutic effects
measured by the amount of drug required to produce an effect
timing of the onset, duration, and termination of a drug's effect
effects of giving multiple doses of the same drug
tendency of a chemical to dissolve in fat, as opposed to water
injection directly into a vein
injection under the skin
injection into a muscle
product of enzyme action on a drug
metabolites that have drug actions of their own
drugs that are inactive until acted on by enzymes in the body
drug disposition tolerance
tolerance caused by more rapid elimination of the drug
tolerance caused by learned adaptation to the drug
tolerance caused by altered nervous system sensitivity
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again
Reload the page to try again!
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.