Formula for glucose
C(6), H(12), O(6)
Formula for cellular respiration
C(6), H(12), O(6) + 6O(2) = 6CO(2) + 6H(2)O
Formula for photosynthesis
6CO(2) + 6H(2)O = C(6), H(12), O(6) + 6O(2)
relies on other organisms for energy
an organism that is able to make and store food, using sunlight or the earth as an energy source
cellular respiration requiring no oxygen
cellular respiration requiring oxygen
three steps of cellular respiration
glycolysis, Krebs cycle, ETC
where does respiration take place in the cell?
define cellular respiration
the process in which cells extract energy stored in food and transfer the energy to ATP
what is ATP?
the energy that a cell can use directly
the process by which living cells with chlorophyll use light energy to make usable energy
what happens if there is no oxygen for cellular respiration?
the pyruvates from oxygen enter fermentation and produce only two ATP per glucose molecule
What are NADH and FADH?
carriers of energy with a lot of potential energy
what is produced in glycolysis?
2 ATP, 2 NADH
what is produced in Kerbs?
6 NADH, 2 FADH, 2 ATP
how many ATP molecules are created from one glucose molecule?
where does glycolysis occur?
where does the Krebs cycle occur?
in the matrix of the mitochondria
where does the ETC occur?
the the mitochondria membrane
what happens when foreign proteins enter an organism's body?
antibodies attack the protein so that the body can protect itself