Art school which rejected Modernism and formal rules in favor of accepting more. It offered something for everyone. Championed by critic Clement Greenberg.
Incredibly influential and powerful critic in the 20th century; suggested art works of realism, or works rooted in images of popular culture, are inferior and depend on elements not essential to painting; avant-garde is high culture and, therefore, superior; called for a new American art; recognized the shift of the center of the art world
(1910-1992) British post-modern painter. "Painting"
A feminist artist group who called themselves "the conscience of the art world" by calling attention to the injustice of major art institutions in the sexist and racist orientation
An art movement in sculpture and painting that began in the 1950s and emphasized extreme simplification of form and color
An American avant-garde art trend of the 1960s that made time an integral element of art. It produced works in which movements, gestures, and sounds of persons communicating with an audience replace physical objects. Documentary photographs are generally the only evidence remaining after these events. Also known as "Happenings" or "Events"
1913 - The first art show in the U.S., organized by the Ashcan School. Was most Americans first exposure to European Impressionist and Post-Impressionist art, and caused a modernist revolution in American art. Though it shocked, it was a success.
This version of Post Modernism explores intensity of emotions, was related to the self-help movement, revisits German Expressionism. Late 20th century.
An American school of the 1950s that imitated the techniques of commercial art (such as Warhol's soup cans or Lichtenstein's comic strips) and the styles of popular culture and the mass media
A style of abstraction which captured the spirit of the '60s with fluorescent colors and dizzying optical illusions. Many were or looked as if they were created under the influence of phycadelic drugs. They were especially popular for posters/album covers shocasing popular rock groups
Art style developed in the 1940's using nonrepresentational shapes and colors to convey emotions
Also known as action painting. A kind of abstract painting in which the gesture or act of painting is seen as the subject of the art. Ex: Jackson Pollack's paintings.
Another name for gestural abstraction
A printing technique that involves the modulation of color through the placement of individual colored dots. Named after its inventor, Benjamin Day. Used especially in the art of Roy Lichtenstein
Feminist artist in the 1980s who used her body to attempt to deconstruct feminine streotypes. Did "untitled film stills." Best known for her conceptual portraits.
A feminist artist who deals with the objectification of the human body. She trained as an emergency medical technician so most of her early sculptures pertain to bodily organs and bodily fluids.
Painter who spontaneously dripped paint on a canvas. Gestural Abstraction school. Best known for "Autumn Rhythm"
An American commercial illustrator and artist famous for his Campbell's soup painting. He was the founder of the pop-art movement, which like all other art movements in history reflected something back on the present society.
Feminist artist who designed and built the ceramic art for The Dinner Party, which consists of a triangle-shaped table, set with 39 places, 13 on a side, each celebrating a woman who has made an important contribution to world history.
A feminist artist who uses art to explore issues associated with being an African American woman in contemporary America. After her mother's death she created a quilt but the work is political as well as personal.
Female artist who assembled architectural sculptures of "found" wooden objects and used them to construct screens of boxes of varied sizes which she painted in monochromatic colors.
United States abstract painter (born in Russia) whose paintings are characterized by horizontal bands of color with indistinct boundaries (1903-1970)
A pop artist who excerpted images from comic books using the benday dot system.
Living architect who designed the Guggenheim Museum in Spain. He is known for Deconstructivism
Female realist who based her work on the Dutch vanitas paintings. They contain many references to death. She projected her images on canvas (like the Dutch used the camera obscura) and used an airbrush, a design tool for illustration.
Graffiti artist; developed distinctive vocab of cartoon figures; politically creative; made 1000s of chalk drawings "in transit"
(1925-present) A pop artist who made "combines" by interspersing painted passages with sculptural elements, such as "Canyon" (1959)
(1935-present) An environmental artist who temporarily modifies landscapes with materials such as cloth (like his "Surrounded Island" (1980-1983) )
A prominent art critic of the twentieth century who coined the phrase "action painting" to describe the style of the artists of the New York School.
Post modernism architect who designed glass pyramid in France at the Louvre, East building of the National Gallery of Art, and the L'enfant Plaza Hotel.
An American superrealist best known for his large scale portraits, such as "Big Self-Portrait" (!967-1968)
Margaret Bourke White
A photojournalist who depicted the horrors of the Dust Bowl. She was also the first foreign photographer allowed to take pictures of Soviet industry.