the indigenous people of northern Benguet and western Mountain Province, including Sagada.
refers to 'the self in the other'; according to Virgilio Enriquez, this is the core value of Filipinos.
relatives; people who are related to each other through some combination of the principles of descent and marriage.
a bilateral set of close relatives; angkan in Tagalog.
a system of categorizing or classifying persons primarily on the basis of relationship through descent and marriage but often including others.
a group made up of roles marked by kinship terms in which the relationship consists of behavior either wholly or in part colored by the moral values associated with kinship relationships, and which recognize some sort of biological connection or culturally accepted pseudo-biological connection among the members.
the words and morphs, and their meanings, of a language; approximated by a dictionary.
of a key consultant or narrator; provides a personal cultural portrait of existence or change in a culture.
any of ego's ancestors or descendants (e.g. parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren); on the direct line of descent that leads to and from ego.
use of supernatural techniques to accomplish specific aims.
a dialect of Itawit spoken in Rizal, Cagayan.
the original inhabitants of Mindanao; also called Manuvu in some parts near Mt. Apo.
a socially recognized and stable union providing sexual access, legitimizing offspring, and establishing other rights and obligations between the partners and other units of society.
naming a child after the name of the mother followed by that of the father.
a woman and her offspring, the smallest unit required for reproduction and child care.
marriage to a single spouse.
the preference of the couple to establish their own residence separate from those of their parents whenever they could already afford to do so.
kinship group consisting of parents and children.
indigenous people of southern Palawan; they have borrowed the syllabic writing of the Tagbanwas.
political system ruled by men in which the women have inferior social and political status, including basic human rights.
naming a child after the name of the father; practiced by Kalingas and some Muslim groups in Mindanao.
Personalistic view of the universe
the belief that the universe is directly controlled by personal beings other than, and different from, oneself; an outlook opposed to the mechanistic view that the universe is governed by impersonal laws discoverable and manipulable by men - oneself and others like oneself.
a recognized system of multiple spouses.
variety of plural marriage in which a man has more than one wife.
a type of reciprocity that regulates balanced exchanges where the terms of repayment are not explicitly stated before the contract is made.
the structural principle that states that the segments in a single set are not equally valued.
the exchange of goods and/or services without the use of money; every service received, solicited or not, demands a return - the nature and proportion of the return determined by the relative statuses of the parties involved, and the kind of exchange at issue.
san roque multipurpose project
the biggest hydro-electric dam in Southeast Asia, it is located in Brgy. San Roque, San Manuel, Pangasinan but its reservoir reaches all the way to Itogon, Benguet.
the structural principle that states that the social world is divided by various criteria into sets of mutually exclusive segments, e.g. kinship system, age-grading and generation system, social class system, political system, locality system, language, religion, and time.
smooth interpersonal relations
an intermediary value to achieve social acceptance; defined as a facility at getting along with others in such a way as to avoid outwards signs of conflict, such as glum or sour looks, harsh words, open disagreement, or physical violence; it is acquired through pakikisama, euphemism, and use of go-between.
being taken by one's fellows for what one is, or believes he is, and being treated in accordance with his status.
advancement up the social class, to another class, perhaps, or to a higher position within the class of which one is a member.
a term used by anthropologists and psychologists to describe the development, through the direct and indirect influence of parents and others, of children's patterns of behavior, attitudes, and values that conform to cultural expectations.
success is undeserved
the belief that to claim success as a personal achievement, to take pride in it, or to refuse to share it with others is to make oneself not only undeserving of good luck (which everyone is) but positively deserving of failure.
sudanese kinship terminology system
kinship terminology system that puts emphasis on the place of the individual within a hierarchical kinship group as marked by distinct kinship terms for each and every individual within the group, e.g. Chinese kinship system.
supplemented nuclear family
a variation of a family composed of a nuclear family with one or more relatives but not yet comprising another nuclear family.
term of address
the kinship term used by the Ego to call his or her relative.
term of reference
the kinship term used by the Ego to refer to his or her kin when talking with somebody else.
utang na loob
debt of gratitude.
an Ibanagic language spoken in Echague, Isabela.