Chapter 11 Section 1+2+3 The Rise+Spread+Islamic Civilization Of Islam

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Oasis

fertile area in a desert

Bedouins

nomadic herders

Bedouin leader

sheikh

Port on the red sea

Jiddah

caravan starting point

mecca

Muhammad

a prophet of islam

Muhammad's wife

Khadijah

The first convert of Islam

Khadijah

the religion did Muhammad follow before islam

Hanif

Angel who ordered Muhammad to preach the word of Allah

Jibreel

Arab Pilgrims came to worship

Kabbah

Muhammad fleed from Mecca to

Yathrib

Yathrib's later name

Medina

Muhammads flee from Mecca was called

Hijra

When Kaaba was destroyed a new religion was born

Islam

Followers of Islam

Muslim

The central belief of Islam

There is no god but God and Muhammad is the prophet

The Holy Book of Islam

Quran

the most common language of islam

Arabic

Five important obligations of worship

Five Pillars of Faith

First Pillar of Faith

Declare of faith

Second Pillar of Faith

Worship 5 Times a Day

Third Pillar of Faith

Give charity to needy

Fourth Pillar of Faith

Fast from sunrise to sunset during Ramadan

Fifth Pillar of Faith

Pilgrimage to Mecca

A person who recites the call to worship

Muezzin

the struggle to defend the faith

Jihad

muslim place of worship

Mosque or Masjid

Muhammad's successor

Abu Bakr

Successor to the prophet

Caliph

Arabs called non-muslims

people of the book

a group of arabs located at the western end of the Mediterranean

Berbers

He went against the Visigoths in 711 AD

General Tariq

The great rock that guards the strait

The Rock of Gibraltar

Muslims of Spain - orginally berbers

Moors

The Franks defeated the moors

Battle of Tours

believed that the only intercessor between God and his believers is the Quran

Sunni

believed a person is the intercesssor between God and his believers

Shiites

descendants of Muhammad

Imams

Muslim mystics who claimed special knowledge and could communicate with God

Sufis

leader of turks who invaded the middle east

Sultan

Turks defeated Byzantines in 1071

Battle of Manzikert

Ottomans captured constantinople in

1453

religious minorties grouped into communites

millets

groups of slaves which organized into an infantry

Jannissaries

in islam grooms give the bride a marriage gift meaning a dower

sadaq

a small instrument used to determine position of planets and stars

Astrolabe

a physician who wrote about surgery diseases of the eye, small pox and measles

Rhazes

philosopher and physician who wrote Canon of Medicine

Ibn Sina or Avicenna

Scheherzade

wife of story The Thousand and One Nights

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