Used to point out a specific person or thing: did you hear _that_?; he likes _those_. As in English, these pronouns can also be used as adjectives, modifying a noun: did you see _that_ man?; he likes _those_ books. Note especially the genitive and dative singular forms which are the same for all three genders.
1. Hic and ille are more emphatic than is, which is used when no emphasis is intended.
is, ea, id
he, she it; weak this/that
The most common demonstrative pronoun which also acts as the personal pronoun for the third person.
hic, haec, hoc
Strong this, these; the latter.
ille, illa, illud
Strong that, those; the famous; the former. It is also used as an adjective to indicate a well-known or famous person or thing:
Rōmulus ille urbem aedificāvit. > That famous Romulus built a city.
Special Adjectives in -īus
There are nine irregular first and second declension adjectives in Latin which follow the same pattern for the genitive and dative singular that you have just seen in the pronouns. With the exception of the genitive and dative singular forms in the table, these adjectives are declined like bonus, bona, bonum.
ūnus, ūna, ūnum - one
nūllus, nūlla, nūllum - none
ūllus, ūlla, ūllum - any
sōlus, sōla, sōlum - alone
neuter, neutra, neutrum - neither (of two)
alius, alia, aliud - other, another
uter, utra, utrum - which? (of two)
tōtus, tōta, tōtum - whole
alter, altera, alterum - the one (of two)
Factitive Sentence Pattern:
Occurs with verbs meaning make, choose,c all and the like, and has both an accusative direct object and a second accusative (noun or adjective) commonly called the object complement because it completes the picture of the object:
Is mē laetam facit > He makes me happy.