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accent

a diacritical mark used to indicate stress or placed above a vowel to indicate a special pronunciation

alliteration

use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse

anapest

a metrical unit with unstressed-unstressed-stressed syllables

anapestic

(of a metric foot) characterized by two short syllables followed by a long one

apostrophe

a poem directly addressing a person or thing, often absent

assonance

the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words

aubade

a poem addressing the dawn

ballad

a type of poem that is meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature

blank verse

poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter

cadence

a recurrent rhythmical series

canto

a major division of a long poem

caesura

a break or pause (usually for sense) in the middle of a verse line

conceit

a startling or unusual metaphor

consonance

the repitition of consonant sounds with words

convention

orthodoxy as a consequence of being conventional

couplet

a pair of lines that end in rhyme

dactyl

a metrical unit with stressed-unstressed-unstressed syllables

dactylic

stressed, unstressed, unstressed

dimeter

a metrical line containing two feet

dirge

a song or hymn of mourning composed or performed as a memorial to a dead person

dissonance

the auditory experience of sound that lacks musical quality`

doggerel

crude, simplistic verse

dramatic dialogue

A literary, usually verse composition, in which a speaker reveals his or her character often in relation to a critical situation or event, in a monologue addressed to the reader or to a presumed listener.--a soliloquoy is an example

elegy

a type of poem that meditates on death or mortality

end rhyme

rhyme at the end syllable of poetry

epic

a long narrative poem written in elevated style which present the adventures of characters of high position and episodes that are important to the history of a race or nation

foot

the basic rhythmic unit of a line of poetry formed by a combo of 2 or 3 syllables which afre stressed or unstressed

free verse

poetry written without a regular rhyme scheme or metrical pattern

heptameter

seven feet per line

heroic couplet

a couplet consisting of two rhymed lines of iambic pentamenter and written in an elevated style

hexameter

a verse line having six metrical feet

iamb

a metrical unit with unstressed-stressed syllables

iambic

a verse line consisting of iambs

iambic pentameter

a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable

lament

a mournful poem

limerick

a kind of humorous verse of five lines, in which the first, second, and fifth lines rhyme with each other, and the third and fourth lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet

lyric

a type of poetry that deals with a poet's interpretations of and feelings about the world

metonymy

substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')

metaphor

a direct comparison between two things

metaphysical poets

a loose group of British lyric poets of the 17th century, who shared an interest in metaphysical concerns and a common way of investigating them

meter

rhythm as given by division into parts of equal time

mock epic

A work of literature that applies the characteristics and conventions of epic poetry to trivial subject matter for the sake of humor, irony, parody, or satire.

monometer

1 foot per line

octave

8 line stanza

ode

a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet

onomatopoeia

words that sound like what they mean

pastoral

a poem set in the countryside, or even more specifically one about shepards

pentameter

five feet per line

Petrarchan/ Italian sonnet

this is divided into two parts, the eight-line octave and the six-line sestet. The octave rhymes abba abba, while the sestet rhymes cde cde. The octave raises a question, states a problem, or presents a brief narrative, and the sestet answers the question or solves the problem.

pun

a humorous play on words

quatrain

a stanza of four lines

refrain

a line or set of lines repeated several times over the course of a poem

requiem

a song or hymn of mourning composed or performed as a memorial to a dead person

scansion

The process of marking lines of poetry to show the type of feet and the number of feet they contain

sestet

a rhythmic group of six lines of verse

Shakespearean/ Elizabethan sonnet

consists of 3 quatrains and a final rhyming couplet. Rhyme scheme is abab, cdcd, efef, gg. Usually, the question or theme is set forth in the quatrains while the answer or resolution appears in the final couplet.

simile

a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')

slant rhyme

rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e. the words "stress" and "kiss"); sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme

sonnet

a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme

speaker

the person speaking in the poem, like the narrator in prose - not always the poet

stanza

an arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem.

synecdoche

understanding oen thing with another; the use of a part for the whole or the whole for the part

tercet

three line stanza

tone

the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author

trimeter

3 feet per line

triple rhyme

Three syllables of words rhyme

trochee/trochiac

a metrical unit in poetry in which each foot has a stressed syllable + an unstressed syllable

villanelle

a lyric form that relies heavily on repetition an dis composed of five three-line tercets and a final four-line quatrain; its singular feature is the way its first and third lines repeat throughout the poem--the entire first line reappears as the final line of the second and fourth tercets, and again as the third line of the third and fifth tercets and as the concluding line of the poem

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