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vocab. quiz FRIDAY!

Giovanni da Verrazzano

1524, Italian in the service of France discovered what is today New York Harbor

Jacques Cartier

Frenchman who reached the eastern coast of Canada in 1534 and discovered the St. Lawrence River

Samuel de Champlain

Frenchman who laid claim to a region of Canada in 1608 he called Quebec

Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet

Frenchmen who explored the Great Lakes in 1673

Sieur de La Salle

Frenchman who explored the lower Mississippi in 1683 and named it Louisiana in honor of the French king, Louis XIV

New France

the region of N. America that France eventually named its' colonial empire

Jamestown

first permanent successful English settlement founded in 1607 in N. America

John Smith

English explorer who helped found the colony at Jamestown, Virginia; said to have been saved by Pocahontas

Pilgrims

colonists who left England and founded a second English colony in Massachusetts in 1620

Puritans

colonists from England who sought religious freedom by est. themselves in N. America

Henry Hudson

an Englishman in the service of the Netherlands who discovered the Hudson River, Hudson Bay, and Hudson Strait in 1609

Duke of York

brother of English king, Charles II who drove out the Dutch in 1644 @ New Netherland and renamed it New York

French and Indian War

a conflict between Britain and France for control of territory in N. America lasting from 1754-1763

Original 13 Colonies

the thirteen British colonies in N. America that joined together to form the original states of the US

King Phillip's War

one of the bloodiest battles fought in 1675 between the colonists and Native Americans throughout Massachusetts.

Columbian Exchange

the transfer of foods, plants, and animals during hte colonization of the Americas

Atlantic Slave Trade

the buying and selling of Africans for work in the Americas

Mercantilism

an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by selling more goods than they bought

Triangular Trade

the trading network along which slaves and other goods were carried between Africa, England, the West Indies, and colonies of N. America

Middle Passage

the voyage that brought captured Africans the Americas- so called because it was considered the middle leg of the triangular trade

Capitalism

an economic system based on private ownership and the investment of wealth for profit

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