holding more than one church office/position
a purchased penance for sins
location of Luther's "trial"
RCC belief concerning communion
God chooses salvation for some and not for others
Criticized infant baptism
Lutheran belief concerning communion
met to reform catholic church
RCC missionaries and reformers
French city where the edict was issued
location of peace agreement and religious choice in Germany
exploring technology for navigation
aided sailors in determining position using the sun
target of Luther's criticisms
The reformation shattered the unity of western Europe
Which statement best describes the influence of the Reformation on religious unity of Europe?
The ottoman Empire represented a religious threat (to catholics) from the _____.
South to North
Lutheranism spread primarily from _____ to _____.
France not having a strong enemy to the east
The advantage of France bordering a divided Germany can best be described as:
The Council of Trent was held in predominately _____ area.
Favoring family members in appointing church officials
Early critics of church include all of the following except:
The 95 These were "posted" on October 31, _____.
The Pope was not the sole authority on Earth
Which of the following was considered one of the major critiques Luther had concerning the church?
Diet of Worms
Luther was outlawed as a heretic at the:
The Bible in common vernacular popularized reformer's views and It profoundly influenced the development of the German language
Which statement best describes the effect of Luther translating the Bible?
Many German states in the _____ turned to Lutheranism.
He wanted the unity of Catholicism in his empire
Emperor Charles V sought to stop Protestantism because:
Lower classes of people demanding more rights and control in society
The peasants' revolts of the 16th century were an example of:
Catholic... Northern Germany
Despite being a predominately _____ nation, France allied with ___ ___ in the battles over Lutheranism.
Catholic unity in Germany never again occurred
A major result of the Habsburg-Valois Wars was:
Resulted in permanent religious division in Germany and allowed German princes to choose what religion to follow
The Peace of Augsburg:
New sects of Protestantism in the 1500s
Anabaptists, Mennonites, and Quakers are all examples of:
Reformation efforts in Switzerland
Ulrich Zwingli is best remembered for:
All of the above
John Calvin believed:
Calvin established what would be the new center for the Reformation in Europe in _____.
Calvinists established a _____, which had the power to impose harsh penalties on people who did not follow God's law
All of the following are examples of early English reformers except:
He was critical of Lutheranism and supported the Pope
Henry VIII was once called a "Defender of the Faith" because:
Mary Tudor became queen
All of the following resulted from Henry's break with the church except:
Elizabeth found out that Mary wanted to return England to Catholicism
Which statement best describes Elizabeth I's motives for having Mary Stuart executed?
Efforts by the Catholic church to stop the spread of Protestantism
Which statement best describes the Counter Reformation?
Efforts by the Catholic church to reform and fix internal issues
Which statement best describes the Catholic Reformation?
It founded the Jesuits
All of the following accurately describe the Council of Trent except:
Founder of the Jesuits
Schools for the RCC
The Society of Jesus sough to establish:
Religious toleration for Huguenots
The Edict of Nantes established:
The peace of Westphalia
The Thirty years War was ended by:
What was the overall goal of exploration and expansion in the 17th century
The first European explorer to reach India by sea was: