Musical Proficiency

98 terms by BrodyBrown

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Flashcards with questions along the catagories of notes, rests, dynamics, markings, articulation, notation, tempo, time signitures, musical terms, key signitures, order of flats and sharps, and other musical terms.

how many counts does a whole note get in 4/4 time

4

how many counts does a whole note get in 2/2 time

2

how many counts does a dotted half note get in 4/4 time

3

how many counts does a dotted half note get in 6/8 time

6

how many counts does a dotted half note get in 2/2 time

1 1/2

how many counts does a half note get in 4/4 time

2

how many counts does a half note get in 6/8 time

4

how many counts does a half note get in 2/2 time

1

how many counts does a dotted quarter note get in 4/4 time

1 1/2

how many counts does a dotted quarter note get in 6/8 time

3

how many counts does a dotted quarter note get in 2/2 time

3/4

how many counts does a quarter note get in 4/4 time

1

how many counts does a quarter note get in 6/8 time

2

how many counts does a quarter note get in 2/2 time

1/2

how many counts does a dotted eighth note get in 4/4 time

3/4

how many counts does a dotted eighth note get in 6/8 time

1 1/2

how many counts does a dotted eighth note get in 2/2 time

3/8

how many counts does a eighth note get in 4/4 time

1/2

how many counts does a eighth note get in 6/8 time

1

how many counts does a eighth note get in 2/2 time

1/4

how many counts does a dotted sixteenth note get in 4/4 time

3/8

how many counts does a dotted sixteenth note get in 6/8 time

3/4

how many counts does a dotted sixteenth note get in 2/2 time

3/16

how many counts does a sixteenth note get in 4/4 time

1/4

how many counts does a sixteenth note get in 6/8 time

1/2

how many counts does a sixteenth note get in 2/2 time

1/8

what does it mean when a note is dotted

it is half the length of the note that it follows

what is a dynamic or marking

the louds and softs of music

what dynamic means very soft

pianissimo PP

what dynamic means soft

piano P

what dynamic means medium soft

mezzo piano MP

what dynamic means medium loud

mezzo forte MF

what dynamic means loud

forte F

what dynamic means very loud

fortissimo FF

what marking means hit that sucker big time

sforzando SFZ

what marking means gradually get softer

decrescendo

what marking means gradually get louder

crescendo

what marking means to soften

diminuendo

what is aticulation

the way you perform a note

what articulation connects notes without breath

slur

what articulation seperates notes

staccato

what articulation means smooth

legato

what articulation means semi-seperated

marcato

what articulation makes the first part of the note stressed more than the last part

bell accent

what articulation means to lean on note crisply

short accent

what articulation makes two shorter notes connected to make one longer one

tie

what is notation

the way of writing music

what lowers a note a half step

flat

what raises a note a half step

sharp

what removes a sharp or flat

natural

what lowers a flat a whole step

double flat

what raises a sharp a whole step

double sharp

what is the speed at which the music is performed

tempo marking

what are the 10 tempo markings from slow to fast

largo, adagio, andante, moderato, allegretto, allegro, vivo, vivace, presto, prestissimo

what is a musical mark that means little by little

poco a poco

what is a musical mark that means to increase tempo little by little

accelerando

what musical mark means gradually slow down

ritardando

what musical mark means return to the original tempo

a tempo

what musical mark means to slow the tempo

rallantando

what musical mark means to fluxuate the tempo with the directior

rubato

what musical mark means to play the same style

simili

what is a time signiture

two numbers, one over the other, the top one telling how many counts in one measure, the bottom number tells what kind of note gets one count

what is the top number in the time signature

how many counts are in one measure

what is the bottom number in the time signature

which note gets one count

what are the five lines on which music is written

staff

what is the f clef

bass clef

what staff includes both bass and treble cleff

grand staff

what is it when the same pitch has two different names

enharmonic spelling

what is the g cleff

treble clef

what is it when you change the music into a different key.

transposing

what is it when everyone plays the same part

unison

what is it when two or more parts are being performed at the same time

harmony

what is it when the accent is on the weak beat or the weak part of the beat

syncopation

what is a steady pulse

beat

what is the activity above the beat

rythym

what key has no sharps of flats

c major
a minor

what key has one flat

f major
d minor

what key has two flats

b flat major
g minor

what key has three flats

e flat major
c minor

what key has four flats

a flat major
f minor

what key has five flats

d flat major
b flat minor

what key has six flats

g flat major
e flat minor

what key has seven flats

c flat major
a flat mino

what key has one sharp

g major
e minor

what key has two sharps

d major
b minor

what key has three sharps

a major
f# minor

what key has four sharps

e major
c# minor

what key has five sharps

b major
g# minor

what key has six sharps

f# major
d# minor

what key has seven sharps

c# major
a# minor

what is the order of flats

b e a d g c f

what is the order of sharps

f c g d a e b

What is three half steps below relative major

relative minor

what is three half steps below relative minor

relative major

what always determines the key signature of the natural mino

the relative major

what minor scale has no accidentals

natural minor

what scale is the natural minor scale with the seventh degree of the scale raised a half step both up and down

harmonic minor

what scale is a natural minor scale with the sixth nad seventh degree of the scale raised a half step down on the way up and restored to their normal tonality on the way down.

melodic minor scale

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