"taken for granted" statements that explain the nature of the concepts definitions, purpose, relationships, and structure ofa theory. (pg. 46)
Can be simple or complex and relate to an object or event that comes from individual perceptual experiences. (pg. 46)
Product and information obtained from the system. Using the nursing process as a example, content is the information about the nursing care for clients with specific health care problems. For example, clients with impaired mobility have common skin care needs and interventions (e.g., hygiene and scheduled positioning changes) that are very successful in reducing the risk for pressure ulcers. (pg. 47)
First level of theory development. They describe phenomena, speculate on why phenomena occur, and describe the consequences of phenomena. These theories explain, relate and in some situations predict nursing phenomena. (pg. 47)
Perspecitve of a profession. It provides the subject, cental concepts, values and beliefs, phenomena of interest, and the central problems of a discipline. The _____ of nursing provides both the practical and theoretical aspects for the discipline. (pg. 45)
Includes all possible conditions affecting the client and the setting in which health care needs occur. (pg. 45)
Serves to inform a system about how it functions. For example, in the nursing process the outcomes reflect the client's responses to nursing interventions. (pg. 47)
Broad in scope, complex, and therefore require further specification through research. A _____ ______ does not provide guidance for specific nursing interventions but provides the structural framework for broad, abstract ideas about nursing. (pg. 46)
Has different meanings for each client, the clinical setting, and the health care profession. ______ is dynamic and continuously changing. Your challenge is to provice the best possible care based on the client's level of health and health care needs at the timeof care delivery. (pg. 45)
For teh nursing process is the data or infomation that comes from a client's assessmetn (e.g., how the client interacts with the environment and the client's physiological function). (pg. 47)
Explains a systematic view of a phenomenon specific to the discipine of inquiry. For example, Piaget's theory of cognitive development helps to explain how children think, reason, and peceive the world. (pg. 47)
Are more limited in scope and are less abstract. They address a specific phenomenon and relfect practice (adminstration, clincial, or teaching). (pg. 46)
"... diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual or potential health probelms..." (pg. 45)
A conceptualization of some aspect of nursing communicated for the purpose of describing, expalining, predicting, and/or prescribing nursing care. (pg. 45)
The elements direct the activity of the nursing profession, including knowledge development, philosophy, theory, educational experience, research, and practice. The four elements/four linkages: the person, health, environment/situation, and nursing. (pg. 45)
The end product of a system and in the case of the nursing process it is whether the client's health status improves or remains stable as a result of nursing care. (pg. 47)
Links science, philosophy, and theories accepted and applied by the discipline. (pg. 45)
Is the recipient of nursing care, including individual clients, families, and communities. (pg. 45)
Is an aspect of reality that people consciously sense or experience. (pg. 46)
Address nursing interventions for a phenomenon and predict the consequence of a specific nursing intervention. In nursing, __________ __________ designates the prescription, (i.e., nursing interventions), the condition under which the prescription occurs, and the consequences. Action oriented and test the validity and predictability of a nursing intervention. (pg. 47)
Set of concepts, definitions, and assumptions or propositions to explain a phenomenon. The ______ explains how these elements are uniquely related in the phenomenon. (pg. 46)
Explain the influence of nursing theory on a nurse's approach to practice.
Describe types of nursing theories.
Describe the relationship between theory, the nursing process, and client needs.
Discuss selected theories from other disciplines.
Discuss selected nursing theories.
Describe the value of nursing theory to nursing practice.
Theoretical nursing models provide knowledge to improve practice, guide research and nursing curricula, and identify the domain and goals of nursing practice.
A nursing theory is a conceptualization of some aspect of nursing communicated for the purpose of describing, explaining, predicting, and/or prescribing nursing care.
Grand theories are the complex structural framework for broad, abstract ideas.
Middle-range theories are more limited in scope and less abstract. These theories address specific phenomena or concepts and reflect practice.
Nursing's paradigm identifies four links of interest to the profession: the person, health, environment/situation, and nursing. Nurse theorists agree that these four components are essential to the development of theory.
Theory is the generation of nursing knowledge used for practice. Nursing process is the method for applying the theory or knowledge. The integration of theory and nursing process is the basis for professional nursing.
Theories from nursing and other disciplines help explain how the roles and actions of nurses fit together in nursing.
Theory-generating research tries to discover and describe relationships without imposing preconceived notions (e.g., hypotheses) of what the phenomenon under study means.
Theory-testing research determines how accurately a theory describes nursing phenomena.