people who settled on the greek mainland around 2000 B.C were later called MYCENAEANS
(Greek mythology) a great war fought between Greece and Troy
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
(Middle Ages) a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord
formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)
a war fought between a coalition led by the United States and Iraq to free Kuwait from Iraqi invaders
a war in which Athens and its allies were defeated by the league centered on Sparta
ancient Athenian philosopher.
ancient Athenian philosopher taught Aristotle.
one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers
Alexander the Great
Conquered and ruled an empire stretching from Macedonia to the Indus Valley
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
a member of the aristocracy
one of the common people
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War
conqueror of Gaul and master of Italy (100-44 BC)
In ancient Rome, a group of three leaders sharing control of the government.
Roman statesman who established the Roman Empire and became emperor in 27 BC
a teacher and prophet born in Bethlehem and active in Nazareth
a walled city in northeastern Algeria east of Algiers
the largest city and former capital of Turkey
king of the Huns
Byzantine emperor who held the eastern frontier of his empire against the Persians
Most famous example of Byzantine architecture, it was built under Justinian I and is considered one of the most perfect buildings in the world.
ruler of the Mongols, he led his people in attacks against China and other parts of Asia
Mongolian emperor of China and grandson of Genghis Khan who completed his grandfather's conquest of China