Force and Motion

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vocabulary words for 5th grade force and motion science unit

gravity

the invisible force of attraction between all masses in the universe (pull)

law

statement about how things work in nature that seems to be true

Isaacc Newton

Defined the laws of motion and gravity. Tried to explain motion of the universe.

laws of motion

Three laws, came up by Sir Isaac Newton, that describe how objects move in relation to the forces acting on them.

unbalanced force

an object to start moving, stop moving, or change direction

1st law of motion

an object at rest stays at rest and an object in motion stays in motion unless acted on by an unbalanced force

friction

the resistance caused when one object is moved in contact with another

2nd law of motion

an object with an unbalanced force acting on it will accelerate in the direction of that force...f=m(a) ; force = mass times acceleration

3rd Law of Motion

for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction

inertia

likely to maintain a state of rest unless acted upon by an external force

mass

the amount of matter in an object

momentum

(n) the force with which something moves

scales

the ratio between the size of something and a representation of it

weight

A measure of the force of gravity on an object

motion

a change of position of an object

velocity

the measure of the speed and the direction of an object

newton

a measurement of force

speed

the measure of an objects distance during a unit of time

force

push or pull of any kind

acceleration

any change in the speed or direction of an object's motion

thrust

the force that moves an object forward

drag

the force that slows an object down

lift

upward force on an object

energy

the ability to do work

work

the transfer of energy from one object to another

potential energy

stored energy, energy ready to be released

kinetic energy

the energy of motion

balanced force

two or more forces that are equal and opposite of one another; do not cause change in motion

newton

unit of force

air resistance

frictional force air exerts on a moving object; acts opposite in direction to the object's motion

matter

that which has mass and occupies space; solid, liquid, or gas

evaporation

The change of a substance from a liquid to a gas

transpiration

evaporation of water from a plant's leaves

condensation

the process of changing from a gas to a liquid or solid state

precipitation

any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's surface; rain, snow, sleet, or hail

runoff

water that flows over the ground surface rather than soaking into the ground

water cycle

the continuous movement of water between Earth's surface and the air, changing from liquid to gas to liquid

conduction

the transfer of energy as heat through touching substances

convection

the transfer of heat by the movement of a liquid or a gas

radiation

the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves; Sun is the main source

temperature

a measure of heat

heat

thermal energy that is transferred by conduction, convection, and radiation

chemical change

a change in matter that produces one or more new substances

physical change

A change in size, shape, or state of matter; A change that affects the appearance but not the chemical makeup of a substance

chemical reaction

process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of chemicals

insulator

a material that does not conduct heat well

solid

state of matter in which particles are packed tightly together and it maintains its shapejustdoit

liquid

state of matter in which the particles flow past each other and it takes on the shape of its container

gas

matter that does not have a definite shape or volume; has particles that move at high speeds in all directionstoilet

law of conservation

In any physical change or chemical reaction, mass is conserved; mass can be neither created nor destroyed.lol

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