process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simple materials.
process of breaking down complex materials (foods) to form simpler substances and release energy
structure surrounding and protecting the cell. It determines what enters and leaves the cell
rod-shaped structures in the nucleus that contain regions of DNA called genes. There are 46 chromosomes (23 pairs) in every cell except for the egg and sperm cells, which only contain 23 individual, unpaired chromosomes.
all the material that is outside the nucleus and yet contained within the cell membrane.
chemical found within each chromosome. arranged like a sequence of recipes in code, it directs the activities of the cell.
structure (canals) within the cytoplasm.
Regions of DNA within each chromosome
Picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell. the chromosomes are arranged in numerical order to determine their number and structure
The total of chemical processes in a cell. It includes catabolism and anabolism.
Structures in the cytoplasm in which foods are burned to release energy. Catabolism takes place in mitochondria
Control center of the cell. It contains chromosomes and directs the activities of the cell.
Long and slender, contains fibers that aid in contracting and relaxing.
May be long and have various fibrous extensions that aid in its job of carrying impulses.
contains large, empty spaces for fat storage.
Digestive system includes what organs?
Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestines (small and large), liver, gallbladder and pangreas.
Urinary or excretory system includes what organs?
Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and the urethra.
Respiratory system includes what organs?
Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes, and lungs
The female reproductive system includes what organs?
Ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina and mammary glands
The male reproductive system includes what organs?
Testes and associated tubes, urethra, penis, and prostate gland.
Endocrine system includes which organs?
Thyroid gland, pituitary gland, sex glands, adrenal glands, pancreas and parathyroid glands.
Nervous system includes which organs?
Brain, spinal cord, nerves, and collection of nerves.
Circulatory system includes which organs?
Heart, blood vessels, lymphatic vessels and nodes, spleen and thymus gland
Musculoskeletal system includes which organs?
Muscles, bones, and joints
Skin and sense organ system includes which organs?
Skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous glands; eye, ear, nose and tongue.
Collection of fat cells
Flexible connective tissue attached to bones at joints.
Skin cells that cover the external body surface and line the internal surfaces of organs.
Specialist in the study of tissues
"voice box"; located in the upper part of the trachea
Endocrine gland at the base of the brain
Endocrine gland that surrounds the trachea in the neck
"Windpipe" (tube leading from the throat to the bronchial tubes)
One of two tubes, each leading from a single kidney to urinary bladder.
Tube from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
The womb. The organ that holds the embryo/fetus as it develops
Space below the chest containing organs such as the liver, stomach, gallbladder, and intestines; also called the abdomen.
Space in the head containing the brain and surrounded by the skull.
Muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities. The diaphragm moves up and down and aids in breathing.
Pertaining to the back
Centrally located space between the lungs
Space below the abdomen containing portions of the intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, and reproductive organs. Pelvic means pertaining to the pelvis, composed of the hip bones surrounding the pelvic cavity
Double-layered membrane surrounding the abdominal organs
Double-layered membrane surrounding each lung
Space between the pleural membranes
Space within the spinal column and containing the spinal cord. Also call the spinal canal.
Space in the chest containing the heart, lungs, bronchial tubes, trachea, esophagus and other organs
Pertaining to the front
hydrochondriac abdominopelvic region
Right and left upper regions beneath the ribs
epigastric abdominopelvic region
Middle upper region above the stomach
lumbar abdominopelvic region
Right and left middle regions near the waist
umbilical abdominopelvic region
Central region near the navel
inguinal abdominopelvic region
Right and left lower regions near the groin. Also called iliac regions
hypogastric abdominopelvic region
Middle lower region below the umbilical region.
Right upper quadrant
Left upper quadrant
Right lower quadrant
Left lower quadrant
cervical division of the back
Neck region (C1 to C7)
thoracic division of the back
Chest region (T1 to T12)
lumbar division of the back
Loin (waist) region (L1 to L5)
sacral division of the back
Region of the sacrum (S1 to S5)
coccygeal division of the back
Region of the coccyx (tailbone)
bone tissue surrounding the spinal cavity
nervous tissue withing the spinal cavity
pad of cartilage between vertebrae
front surface of the body
away from the surface
far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from the beginning of a structure
frontal (coronal) plane
Vertical plane dividing the body or structure into anterior and posterior positions
Below another structure; pertaining to the trail or lower portion of the body.
pertaining to the side
pertaining to the middle or near the medial plane of the body
back surface of the body
lying on the belly (face down, palms down)
near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure
sagittal (lateral) plane
Lengthwise, vertical plane dividing the body or structure into right and left sides.
on the surface
above another structure; pertaining to the head
lying on the back (face up, palms up)
transverse (cross-sectional or axial) plane
Horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower portions
to cast (throw)
neck (of the body or of the uterus)
back portion of the body
ilium (part of the pelvic bone)
lower back (side and back between the ribs and the pelvis)
pelvis, hip region
belly side of the body
pertaining to, full of