system of government in which a king or queen sits on the throne but does not have absolute power, and in which a constitution limits the monarch's power
Decrees of August 4
secret night meeting and the nobles decided that one noble would stand up and set all the peasants free and other nobles would follow suit
French Revolutionary assembly (1789-1791). Called first as the Estates General, the three estates came together and demanded radical change. It passed the Declaration of the Rights of Man in 1789. (p. 585)
Liberty. Equality. Fraternity.
slogan of the french revolution
July 14, 1789
beginning of French Revolution, storm of Bastille
a French congress with the power to create laws and approve declarations of war, established by the constitution of 1791.
France declares war on Austria
France's traditional national assembly with representatives of the three estates, or classes, in French society: the clergy, nobility, and commoners. The calling of the Estates General in 1789 led to the French Revolution. (p. 585)
These were the liberals of France who did not want to execute Louis XVI, but The Mountain did anyway
Louis's imprisonment was followed by the September massacres. Wild stories seized the city that imprisoned counter-revolutionary aristocrats/priests were plotting with the allied invaders. As a results, angry crowds invaded the prisons of Paris and summarily slaughtered half the men and women they found.
married Louis XVI and was the Queen of France during the Reign of Terror. The pair tried to escape France in June 1791, during the Woman's march on Versailles, but were caught, arrested and brought back to Paris. They were then forced to live among the people who hated them most: the poor city folk whose hatred for her was fueled by the Queen's lavish lifestyle during the time they were starving. She was later convicted of treason and executed.
Radical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794.
a system of government in which the head of state is a hereditary position and the king or queen has almost complete power
Overthrew French Directory in 1799 and became emperor of the French in 1804. Failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated in 1814. Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated and died in exile.
law courts in France, each being supreme for a certain area of the country. Upheld certain "fundamental laws" which they said the king could not overstep - and they often refused to uphold royal edicts which they declared to be unconstitutional. Beneath surface, France still very composite. Different "local liberties"-> 300 different regional systems of law. No uniformity of codes or taxes.
French philosopher and writer born in Switzerland
Seven Years War
Known in America as French and Indian war. It was the war between the French and their Indian allies and the English that proved the English to be the more dominant force of what was to be the United States both commercially and in terms of controlled regions.
king of France from 1774 to 1792
san-culottes cut off head of radical mayor and show Legislative Assembly, Paris Commune
a palace built in the 17th century for Louis XIV southwest of Paris near the city of Versailles
French nobility who fled country to escape the Revolution
instrument of execution that consists of a weighted blade between two vertical poles
January 21, 1793
The former king (Louis XVI) went to be beheaded.
This was a political party within the National Convention named because the people that made up this party sat on the highest benches in the assembly hall. These people were the activists within the Convention. The Mountain worried that the Girondists would become conservative because of their already moderate beliefs. Although they were in competition with each other, the Mountain eventually won due to their alliance with the Sans-Culottes, resulting in a more radical group of people. The mountains believed in equal outcome.
The political prison and armory stormed on July 14, 1789, by Partisian city workers alarmed by the king's concentration of troops at Versailles
social class in pre-revolution France
Reign of Terror
the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed
1785-1799. Five man group. Passed a new constitution in 1795 that was much more conservative. Corrupt and did not help the poor, but remained in power because of military strength. By 1797 it was a dictatorship.
belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god.