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Under William of Normandy and his son Henry I, Mideval England...

c. developed a strong centralized monarchy.

William of Normandy's Survey of his new possessions in England were recorded in...

b. the doomsday book.

All are correct about the Battle of Hastings except that...

a. the anglo-saxons defeated the Normans.

Feudalism in England under William I differed from feudalism in most other countries in that...

b. he required all subvassals to swear alligence to him.

Manorialism...

b. was an economic system based on landed estates.

The economic structure of the Early middle ages...

c. was under-developed and predominantly agricultural.

The english King who helped establish a unified Anglo Saxon monarchy by defeating the Danish army was...

b. alfred the great.

Under feudalism of the Early middle ages...

a. the major obligation of a vassal to his lord was to provide military service.

The major obligation of the lord to the vassal was...

a. economic support and protection either militarily or through grants of land.

The lord-vassal relationship in Germanic practice of Mideval Europe...

d. was an honorable relationship between free men.

Feudalism of mideval Europe was primarily...

a. a complex system of vassalage by which the weak sought protection and sustanance from powerful nobels.

In west Europe, the chief political repercussion of frequent viking raids was...

c. an increase in power of local aristocrats to whom threatened populations turned for effective protection.

Which of the following statements was not true of the vikings?

b. their settlements tended to be limited to coastal areas in frankish kingdom.

The magyars...

b. were originally from western africa

The most sucessful Muslim raids in the 9th century occured in...

c. Sicily

What was the name of the treaty that divided the Carolingian Empire in 843?

a. treaty of Verdun

The Carolingian scholar Alcuin is best noted for

a. helping to lay the foundation for mideval education.

Charlemagne's Carolingian Renaissance was characterized by...

e. new copies of classical literary works produced in the Benedictine monastic scriptoria

The coronation of Charlemagne in 800 as emperor of the Romans

c. symbolized the fusions of Roman, germanic, and Christian cultures.

The administration of Charlemagne's Carolingian Empire was carried out...

d. b and c.

The expansion of the Carolingian Empire under Charlemagne

b. was most successful against German tribes to the East.

Charlemagne's most disappointing military campagin cam against the...

a. Basques.

The frankish ruler who best symbolized the fusion of Roman, German and Christian elements was...

Charlemagne

The basic rule of western monastic living was developed by

a. benedict

The withdrawal of Roman armies from Britian enabled

b. Angles and Saxons, Germanic tribes from Denmark and Germany, to invade and to establish new kingdoms on the isle

Guilt under germanic customary law was determinded by

d. compurgation and ordeal.

The frankish palace official, Charles Martel, sucessfully defended the civilization of the new western European Kingdoms in 732 by...

c. defeating Muslim armies in 732 and driving them back to spain.

The year the last emperor, Romulus Agustulus, was deposed and that symbolized the end of the Western Roman Empire was

c. 476

In the late fourth century, the Visigoths and other Germanic tribes, were pushed into the Balkans region of the Eastern Roman Empire because of the pressure from the

e. Huns

The council of Nicaea in 325

c. defined Christ as being "of the same substance" as God

The Edict of Milan

b. was Constantine's document officially tolerating the existance of Christianity.

After being allowed to enter the eastern empire after being displaced by the nomadic_____, the Germanic Visigoths defeated the Armies of the empire in 378 at the Battle of _______

d. Huns/ Adrianople.

Constantine's most enduring reform came in creation of...

b. the "new Rome"

The two Roman emperors who notably persecuted the Christian minority were

e. Decius and Diocletian.

The "terrible third century" was made terrible by all of the following except

a. ignorance of military affairs by the Severan rulers.

The late third century emperor who reconquered and reestablished order in the east and along the Danube and who was known as the "restorer of the world" was

d. Aurelian.

The emperor who said "live in harmony, make the soldiers rich, and dont give a damn for anything else" was

e.Septimius Severus.

The two Roman cities that were destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD were Pompeii and

e. Herculaneum

The "good emperor" Marcus Aurelius was regarded as a philosopher king deeply influenced by the principles of

b. Stoicism

All of the following occured during the reigns of the five "good emperors" except for

c. the halting of imperial bureaucratic growth.

The correct order of the 5 flavian "good emperors" is..

d. Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antonius Pious, Marcus Aurelius

The first of the flavian emperors was

e. Vespasian

Which of the following trends developed during the reigns of the Julio-Claudian emperors?

a. Emperors took more and more actual ruling power away from the old Senate.

Which of the statements best describes the Julio Claudian emperors?

b. varied in ability and effectiveness.

The successor to Augustus and the first of the Julio Claudian rulers was

c. Tiberius

The city of Tiber that was Rome's chief port was

e. Ostia

Which of the following statements best describes the governing of Roman provinces under Augustus?

b. efficent. with proconsuls, proaetors, and legates cooperating with the local elites.

Roman provincial and frontier policy under augustus was characterized by all the following except

a. limitless expansion in Central Europe.

Under the Rule of Augustus, the Roman Empire

c. turned towards an absolute monarchy, with priceps overshadowing among the citizenry.

The Roman praetorian guards were

a. elite troops given the task of protecting the emperor.

Which of the following important powers did Augustus not hold?

d. senator.

The absolute monarchical powers of Augustus as priceps led to...

e. all of the above.

The Roman Senate under Augustus was

c. retained as the chief deliberative body of the Roman state.

All of the following were results of the Roman civil wars of 43-30 bc except the

a. second Triumvirate's defeat of pompey at the battle of actium.

By crossing the Rubicon, Caesar showed that he

a. was willing to disobey the direct orders of the Senate.

The First Triumvirate included

b. Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey

Julius Caesar...

e. led military commands in Spain and especially Gaul that enhanced his popularity.

Among dangerous military innovations of Marius threatening the Republic, one finds he

b. recruited destitute volunteers who swore an oath of allegiance only to him.

Sulla's legacy and importance was that he

e. employed his personal army in political disputes, paving the way toward Roman civil war.

The equites

a. were a wealthy and ambitious class of Romans who appeared in the late Republic.

The reforms of Gaius and Tiberius Gracchus

c. resulted in further instability and violence as they polarized various social groups.

The optimates and populares were

b. political groups from the aristocratic class of Rome in the late Republic.

In rome, the male family head, the paterfamilias, could

e. all of the above.

In Roman religion, a right relationship with the gods was achieved by

b. accurate performance of rituals and festivals.

The head of the Roman religious observances was

e. the pontifex maximus.

It can best be said that Roman imperial expansion was

d. highly opportunistic, responding to unanticipated military threats and possibilities for glory.

The result of the Third Punic War was

b. the complete destruction and subjugation of Carthage.

At the battle of Cannae the Romans

a. suffered a devastating defeat by Hannable.

The Roman senator who led the movement for the complete destruction of Carthage was

a. Cato.

The seconf Punic War saw Carthage

e. carry a land war to Rome by crossing the Alps.

What was the significance of Scipio Africanus in the Second Punic War?

b. the Carthaginians were forced to withdraw from Siciliy and pay an indemnity to Rome.

The immediate cause of the First Punic Wars was

d. Rome sending Army to Sicily.

The Carthaginians originated from

a. Phoenician Tyre.

Which of the following statements about Roman armies in the Early Republic is incorrect?

a. most soldiers were slaves.

The twelve Tables were

e. the first formal codification of ROman Law and customs.

In their stuggle with the patricians, Roman plebeins employed which of the following tactics?

a and b.

The main achievement of the Hortensian Law in ROman constitutional history was its

c. ruling that all plebiscita passed by the plebeian assembly had the force of law and were binding even upon the patricians.

Originally the Roman Senate

b. could only advise the magistrates in legal matters.

The paterfamilias in Roman Society was

b. the male head of the household.

As Rome expanded, it became Roman policy to govern the provinces with officials known as

d. proconsuls and propraetors

Executive authority or imperium during the Roman Republic

e. was held by the consuls and praetors.

Which of the following statements about Roman names in incorrect?

c. the nomen was the hereditary family name.

The Struggle of the orders

e. was a peaceful struggle which resulted in political compromise.

The Roman Dictator..

e. a and b.

In defeating the Greek city states in southern Italy, Rome

d. had to fight soldiers of King Pyrrhus, sent against them by the greeks.

Romes conquest of the italian peninsula by 264 BC can be attributed in part to

a. superb diplomacy

Rome set a precedent for treating its vanquished foes after forming the Roman Confederation by...

b. offering the most favored "allied" peoples full Roman Citizenship, thus giving them a stake in sucessful Roman Expansion.

Livy's account of Cincinnatus

d. tells how the virtues of duty and simplicity in the behavior of leaders enabled Rome to survive in difficult times.

Which of the following statements regarding the Estuscans is regarded as historically factual?

b. they transformed Rome from a pastoral to an urban community.

All of the following about the Estruscans are correct except they

e. expelled many of Romes patrician class and established a republic in Rome in 509 BC

Rome was established in the first millennium BC on the

a. plain of Latium

For Romans, Italy's geography

c. made Rome a natural crossroads and an area easy to defend.

The Hellenistic dynasty that lasted the longest was the

b. Ptolemaic

Upon the death of Alexander

c. his Macedonian generals became involved in successice power struggles.

In establishing his empire, Alexander the Great

e. a, b and c.

Alexander the Great's troops rebelled when he made the decision to invade and capture

c. India.

Alexander the Greats conquests in Asia occured despite

d. his eventual difficulties in convincing his troops to fight so far from home.

At the battle of Gaugamela

b. The greeks under alexander were able to break the center of the Persian line and with boldness turn the battle into a rout,

.Alexander invaded the persian empire

d. with an army of 37,000 including 5,000 calvart

Alexander's military success against the Persians was in part attributable to

c. the role of Alexander's calvary as a strick force.

All of the following were conquered by Alexander except.

e. Arabia.

All of the following were results of the battle of Chaeronea except for

b. the complete destruction of Athens for its leadership in the struggle against Macedonia.

Philip II was able to forge an efficient military machine by

e. a and c.

Which of the following was not one of Philip II's military reforms?

a. he abandoned the pahlanx formation as too ineffective and inefficient.

Which of the Following statements about Macedonias is correct?

b. they were probably not greek.

The greek historian Thucydides differed from Herodotus in that the former

a. was unconcerned with spiritual forces as a factor in history

One of the chief causes of the Peloponnesian was was

b.Sparta' fear of the power of Athens and its maritime empire

The Peloponnesian War resulted in

c. the feat of Athens and the collapse of its empire

During the Age of Pericles

b. Athenians became deeply attached to their democratic system

Which of the following phrases best describes the Delian League?

b. an alliance of city-states led by Athens after the Persian War

At the battle of Thermopylae, the

e. spartans fought a nobel holding action to the last man.

At the battle of Marathon, the Greeks,

c. won a decisive victory by aggressive attack against a stronger foe.

The immediate cause of the Persian Wars was

a. a revolt of the Ionian Greek colonies in Asia Minor.

The poetry of Sappho reflected

b. a woman's homosexual and heterosexual feelings in a world dominated by males.

The strategoi in Athens

e. was a board of 10 generals

Hesiod's famous poew about the pleasures of ordinary work is titles

e. work and days

Typical of Greek Culture in the archaic age was

c. lyric poetry as found in the works of Sappho

The Athenian statesman who established the ten tribes and who weakened the aristocracy and increased the authority of ordinary citizens was

e. Cleisthenes

Whic of the following descriptions of Athenian leaders is incorrect?

e. Pisistratus-remodeled the entire Athenian constitution while utterly neglecting his merchant supporters.

For the greeks, the term arete described

d. the striving for excellence.

Spartan helots

e. a and b.

To balance the power of kings and the Council of Elders, Spartan political reformers created the

a. ephors

The neighbors of the Spartans who were free inhabitants and required to pay and perfor military service but who were not citizens of sparta were

e. perioikoi

The lycurgan reforms resulted in

a. the establishment of a permanent military state in Sparta

In Sparta

a. life resembled that of a military camp

Tyranny in the greek polis arose as

e. a reaction to aristocratic power and a widening gulf between the rich and the poor

The rise of tyrants in the polies in the seventh and sixth centuries bc

b. ofter encouraged the economic and cultural progress of the cities.

Which of the following statements about warfare in acient Greece is incorrect?

b. The wealth of the city states allowed them to employ professional mercenary soldiers

The hoplite phalanx was

a. a new greek military organization of heavily armed infantry

During the period of Greek history from 750-500 BC

b. trade and colonization increased greatly.

The development of the polis had a negative impact on Greek society by

b dividing Greece into fiercely competitive states.

Which of the following is not a characteristic of the typical Greek polis?

b. each polis had a population of between 90,000 and 100,000 citizens.

The polis was the Greek name for

d. city state.

Which of the following is true of greece from the eight century BC?

c. the polis evolved into the central institution in Greek life.

Homers's Iliad points out the

a. honor and courage of Greek aristocratic heroes in battle.

What were the chief characteristics of the Greek Dark age?

a. it was a period of migrations and declining food productions.

During the migrations of the Greek dark ages, many Ionians

c. crossed the Aegean Sea to settle in Asia Minor.

The period immediately following the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization is reffered to as the

b. Greek Dark Age.

Which of the following was not among the Greek peoples who settled in Greece by the time of the Dark Ages.

e. b and c.

The civilization of Minoan Crete

e. a and c.

Which of the following statements best describes the Mycenaeans

b. they were warrior like people who achieved their apex between 1400 and 1200 BC.

The chief center Minoan Crete was

c. Knossus.

In General, seperate early Greek Communities

e. became fierce rivals fighting so ofter as to threaten Greek civilization itself.

All of the following are prominent features of Greece's topography except

a. extensive open plains.

William of Normandy's survey of his new royal possessions in England was recorded in

b. the doomsday book.

Henry II's Conflict over legal jurisdictions with the church culminated in

e. the murder of the Archbishop of Canterbury

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