what was the affect and when did the Zhou conquest begin?
1122 BC, began China's rise to power
when was the Zhou dynasty?
what was the mandate of heavan
god determines who has power to rule. rebellion justified through mandate of heaven
whaf affect did iron tools in the zhou dynasy have?
cultivate new land, canals, resivours, population growth
describe the political rise/decline of the zhou dynasty
-at first no central govt (separate territories ruled seperately)
-800 BC- territories lost power, internal fighting, bad ruler, external attack
-771- capital attacked,people moved east and dynasty survived 500 yrs but was weakened
-400 BC- no power outside of city-state, local rulers had power
what happened at the end of the Zhou dynasty?
the warring states period
how/when/who/where did the Q'in dynasty come to power?
221-206 BC, through their military strength. founded by Shi Huangdi. the capital was Xi'an
what was the effect of the Chin dynasty-- esp. the govt
expanded chinas territory through military conquest
unifed china, standardized meaures, currency and writing
made military discricts
began building the great wall of china
who/when/where of the Han dynasty
founded by Liu bang- 202 BC-220 AD
Wu Di ruled from 140-87 BC
Capital ws Chang-an/Xi'an
population grew to 60 million
describe the govt of the han dynasty
centralized civil service system
leveling (even out effects of food surplus or shortage)
what was the effect of the pax sinica? how did it happen
battles w/ nomadic xiongnu people began the chinese peace
trade on silk road allowed b/c of peace
How did peasant revolts lead to the collaps of the Han?
farms become smaller, farmers give up land to rich landowners and become vassals. gap between righ and poor grow, peasants revolt. natural disasters make peasants revolt
How did natural disasters lead to the collaps of the Han?
population growth lead to deforastation so there was flooding and erosion. the yellow river changed course so people fled and land was damaged.
How did the corrupt lead to the collaps of the Han?
govt was focused on competition within govt and other problems grow unchecked.
How did military/financial problems lead to the collaps of the Han?
govt. pays nomadic tribes not to attack, but some still do. dont have money to pay all tribes so they are either attacked or have no $. when the govt. was distracted officials were harder to control. poor farmers gave land to wealthy landowners who dont pay taxes so govt doesn't get enough tax money.