what does folk mean?
what is lore?
stories about a particular subject that have been collected
what is folklore?
stories, music, dance, lessons, and customs of a certain group
what about folklore is constantly changing?
the interpretations of stories and customs
what is a folktale?
a story that is pure fiction and has no time or place and no author
why dont folktales have authors?
because their stories are passed by word of mouth and never told the same way twice?
what do folktales define?
society. the dont only represent one person, but the hopes, wishes, and fears of many people
what do folktales deal with?
universal human dilemmas that span across different ages
when and where is the first documentation of folktales as oral tradition?
china 202 AD
what was the purpose of the oldest folktales in china?
to teach lessons to warriors and other adults
when in france did people begin to write folktales down, and who were these aimed at?
what did the brothers Grimm do and when?
modified folktales for children in the 1800s
when did Hans Christen Anderson publish his folktales and what were they like?
1835. they were bloody and meant to serve as a warning towards children on what would happen if they didn't behave
what did walt disney do and when?
sanatized folktales into the "classic" stories we know today in 1940s
what are the four types of folktales?
parables, fables, fairy tales, and tall tales
what are parables?
breif story that teaches a religious lesson, characters are every day people, realistic setting of life
example of parable
boy who cried wolf
what is a fable?
shortest of all folktales, characters are animals or mythic creatures, teaches moral lesson
ex of a fable
tortoise and the hare
whats are the characteristics of a fairytale?
magical creatures, has magic involved, far fetched plot, closest cousin to short story
what is a tall tale?
american folk tales, borrows elements of a legend, bigger than life, come out of old west
what are some examples of a tall tale?
paul bunyan and pecos bill
what are urban tales and legends?
modern folklore, arent true but are passed down as they are, sometimes repeated in news stories, prey on people's fears
what are some examples of urban myths and legends?
the kidney heist, bloody mary, big foot, sewer alligators
what is an archetype?
an archetype is something from which similar things are copied from. it can be an image, character type, plot pattern or recurring idea
what is the basis for the collective unconcious?
that all cultures around the world use the same archetypes, so these patterns are part of the unconcious mind shared by all humans
who came up with the collective unconcious?
psychologist Carl Jung.
what are the three categories of archetypes?
situational, character, symbol
what are the characteristics of the hero?
has unusual birth circumstances, an attempt is made on his life, returns to kingdom to right a wrong
what are the characteristics of the mentor?
teacher, counseler, wise elder, father or mother figure of hero
whats an example of a mentor?
what are characteristics ofthe friendly beast?
scary to look at, but one of the good guys
whats an ex of the friendly beast?
beast or chewbaca
what are teh characteristics of the hunting group of companions?
loyal group willing to face down dangers for hero
what are examples of the hunting group of companions?
robin hood and his merry men, and harry ron and hermionie
what are the characteristics of the earth mother?
offers wisdom and spiritual advice
ex of earth mother
willow tree from pocahontas
characteristics of temptress
beautiful, evil, hero's downfall
example of temptress
characteristics of star crossed lovers
dont belong together, doomed from the start
example of star crossed lovers
romeo and juliet
characteristics of the quest
search for someone or something that will restore a wasted land
characteristics of the fall
fall from grace or from higher power
death and rebirth
real or symbolic, winter vs spring, cycle of life
what are the character archetypes?
hero, mentor, friendly beast, hunting group of companions, earth mother, temptress, star crossed lovers
what are the situational archetypes?
the quest, the initiation, the fall, death and rebirth, and good vs evil
what are the symbolic archetypes?
light vs dark, heaven vs hell, magic weapon, supernatural intervention, wisdom vs stupidity, fire vs ice