Literary Elements in Children's Literature

42 terms by vhsliteracy 

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A set of literary terms that I teach to my students using picture books

Symbolism

Using one object to stand for something else or to mean something else.

Symbolism

Waving a white flag

Hyperbole

Literary exaggeration

Hyperbole

That guy is so mean his pit bull is afraid of him.

Hyperbole

My history teacher is so old that he personally witnessed the fall of Rome.

Rhyme

Sounding alike at the end.

Rhyme

Example of: bit-sit, love-dove, eek,peek

Descriptive Writing

Is the clear description of people, places, objects, or events using appropriate detail.

Descriptive Writing

This writing has details that describe what the writer sees, hears, smells, touches, and/or tastes.

Descriptive Writing

Example of: An essay describing a a fall day

Narrative Writing

Writing style that tells a story.

Narrative Writing

Example of: Writing that recounts what happened on your summer vacation

Sound Device

Words with meanings or functions that are indicated by their pronunciations, including onomatopoeia, alliteration, consonance, etc.

Onomatopoeia

A word that imitates the sound it is describing (oil, meow, buzz, bang).

Alliteration

The repetition of initial consonant sounds in closely positioned words or stressed syllables for aural effect.

Alliteration

Example of: Rabbits running over roses.

Visualization

The process or result of mentally picturing objects or events that are normally experienced directly.

Couplet

I like to play with my cat.
He likes to get in a hat. (This is an example of)

Couplet

A pair of rhyming verse lines

Homonyms

Words that sound the same and have the same spelling but have different meaning

Homonym

Table (a piece of furniture) and Table (a list of information)

Homonym

Bark (dog) and Bark (outer covering of a tree)

Homophones

Words the sound the same but are spelled differently and have different meanings.

Homophones

Hear and Here are examples of

Homophones

Great and Grate are examples of

Inversion

An interchange of position of adjacent objects in a sequence, especially a change in normal word order.

Inversion

Never have I been more insulted! (example of )

Inversion

Little did he understand the situation. (example of )

Literary Device

An all-purpose tem used to describe any literary techniques deliberately used to achieve a specific effect.

Simile

A literary device using "as" or "like" to make comparisons

Simile

He eats like a pig. (example of )

Simile

I believe that girl has a mouth as big as a canyon. (example of)

Metaphor

A literary device that makes a direct comparison

Metaphor

He is a pig. (example of)

Metaphor

She is a lame duck. (example of)

Personification

Attributing human or other animate characteristics to an inanimate object.

Personification

My computer hates me. (example of )

Personification

Time never waits for anyone. (example of )

Personification

The camera loves me. (example of)

Symbolism

Using one object to stand for something else or to mean something else.

Symbolism

The color red to signal danger (example of)

Symbolism

The Scarlet Letter on Hester's chest (example of

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