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Plasma proteins that are necessary for blood clotting are the

fibrinogens

Red blood cells are formed in

red bone marrow

..... anemia results from inadequate supplies of vitamin b12

pernicious

The waste product bilirubin is produced from

portions of heme molecules that do not contain iron

In adults, erythropoiesis primarily takes place in

myeloid tissue

The process of RBC production is called

erythropoiesis

Erythropoiesis increases when

oxygen levels in the blood decrease

The percentage of whole blood occupied by cellular elements is the

hematocrit

the average amount of hemoglobin in the blood of an adult female is

15-16 g/dl blood

a person's blood type is determined by the

presence or absence of specific molecules on the cell membrane

a person with type A blood has

(b) AGGLUTINATION in their plasma

a drifting blood clot is called

embolus

area where smooth muscle cells store larghe quanities of li[pid are called

plaque

blood volume represents ab about... percent of a person's body weight.

7

average volume of blood in an adult male is ...and an abult female

male-5-6L female-4-5L

erythropoiesis is closely regulated by a circulating hormone called

erythropoiesis-stimulating hormone

hormones called... are involved in regulation of white blood cells

colony-stimulating factors

a fibrin network that contains trapped blood cells and platelets is called

blood clot

plasminogin is activated by an enxyme called

tissue plasminogen activator

the porphyrin ring of heme con tains an atom of

iron

the waste product bilirubin is formed from

heme

excess iron is stored in the liver and bone marrow in

hemosiderin

the heart is surrounded by the

pericardial cavity

the superior portion of the heart where the major blood vessels enter and exit is the

base

the infereior point ofthe heart is called the

apex

the... is and internal wall that seperates the two atria

interatrial septum

the... is an internal wall that seperates the two ventricles

interventricular septum

deep grooves and folds on the inner surface of the ventricles is called

trabecule carneae

the ...circuit carries bllod to and from all perts of the body

pulmonary

...are blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart

arteries

the... circuit carries blood to and from all parts of the body EXCEPT the lungs

systemic

.... are blood vessels that carry blood towards the heart

veins

the...is the same as the visceral pericardium and covers the outer surface of the heart

epicardium

the muscle layer of the heart is the

myocardium

the.. lines the chambers of the heart, the heart valves, and is continuous with the lining of the attached blood vessels

endocardium

the cells responsible for establishing the rate of a cardiac contraction are the

nodal cells

the slower than normal heart rate is called

bradycardia

a faster than normal heart rate is called

tachycardia

the period between the start of one heartbeat and the beginning ofthe next is called the

cardiac cycle

the contraction phase of the cardiac cycle is called

systole

the relaxation phase of the cardiac cycle is called

diastole

an abnormal pattern of cardiac activity is known as

arrhythmia

... are abnormal heart sounds

murnurs

the backflow of blood from one chamber to another or from one of the large vessels to the ventricle is called

regurgitation

in a condition called... the cusps of the mitral valve do not close properly

mitral valve prolapse

.... is a condition in which the heart is unable to maintain an adequate cardiac output

heart failure

the... is the amount of blood in a ventricle at the beginning of systole

end-diastolic volume

the relationship that more blood entering the heart will result in more blood being pumped out of the heart is known as

"Starling's law of the Heart"

the term... refers to degenerative changes in the coronary circulation

coronary artery disease

the term for reduced blood flow to the cardiac muscle is

coronary ischemia

in a procedure known as... and inflatable balloon at the end of a catheter is used to remove plaque from blood vessels

balloon angioplasty

a procedure in which a small section of a peripheral vein is used to create a detour around an obstruction in a coronary artery is called

coronary bypass surgery

the pulmonary semilunar valve prevents blood flow from entering the

right ventricle

the lub heart sound isdue to the

closing of the atrioventricular valves

the systemic circuit circulates blood from the

left ventricle to the right atrium

the alternating expansion and recoil of an arterial wall is termed

pulse

incomplete closing of the ...valves will cause the heart ...respectively.

atriovenricular/murmurs

which blood vessel has the highest concentration of carbon dioxide

pulmonary arteries

the pacemaker of the hear is termed

SA node

the electrical changes that occur in the heart during contraction are recording termed

EKGs

oxygenated blood enters the heart at the

left atrium

hemoglobin is NOT

normally found free in the plasma

which specific component in hemoglobin combines with oxygen

iron in the heme

all of the following may be found in the blood except

glycogen

aged RBC's are destroyed in the

spleen of the liver

a person with normal blood volume and white cell counts, but low red cell count or low hemoglobin conent may be suffering from

anemia

the element in your blood necessary for clotting process is

calcium

the long insoluble threads of a blood clot originate from

fibrinogen

platelets

initiate clotting

accumulation of cholesterol beneath the inner lining of arteries is called

athrosclerosis

higher than normal bloof pressure is called

HTN (hypertension)

a person who is blood type AB has

antigen A&B on the surface of RBC's

a person who is B positive will have

B antigen, antibody a, Rh antigen`

excess fluid compresses the hert, limiting its ability to pump blood, this condition is called..

cardiac tamponade

blood vessels that carry blood to and from the lungs

pulmonary circuit

bloob vessels that carry the functional blood supply to and from the body tissues is called..

systemic circuit

thoracic pain caused by a fleeting deficiency in blood delivery to the myocardium

angina pectoris " choked chest"

prolonged coronary blockage which can lead to..

myocardial infrction " Heart attack"

cardiac cells re electrically coupled by the Gap junctions, the myocardium BEHVES as a single coordinated unit or..

functional syncytium

inflammation of the pericardium

pericarditis

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