Gross Anatomy of the Muscular System Part 3

44 terms by strohlama

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Splenius

What muscle has the ligamentum nuchae and spinous processes of C7-T6 as its origin?

Splenius

What muscle has the mastoid process, occipital bone, and transverse processes of C2-C4 as its insertion?

Splenius

What muscle as a group, extend or hyperextend head; when only one side is active, head is rotated and bent toward the same side?

Triceps Brachii

What muscle has their long head-inferior margin of glenoid cavity; lateral head-posterior humerus; and medial head-distal radial groove on posterior humerus as its origin?

Triceps Brachii

What muscle has the olecranon process of the ulna as its insertion?

Triceps Brachii

What muscle is a powerful forearm extensor; antagonist of forearm flexors (brachialis and biceps brachii)

Biceps Brachii

What muscle has short head: coracoid process; tendon of long head runs in intertubercular sulcus and within capsule of shoulder joint as its origin?

Biceps Brachii

What muscle has the radial tuberosity as its insertion?

Biceps Brachii

What muscle has Flexion (powerful) of elbow and supination of forearm: "it turns the corkscrew and pulls the cork"; weak arm flexor?

Brachioradialis

What muscle has the lateral ridge at distal end of humerus as its origin?

Brachioradialis

What muscle has the base of the styloid process of the radius as its insertion?

Brachioradialis

What muscle is a synergist in forearm flexion?

Brachialis

What muscle has the distal portion of anterior humerus as its origin?

Brachialis

What muscle has the coronoid process of the ulna as its insertion?

Brachialis

What muscle is a major flexor of the forearm?

Pronator Teres

What muscle has the medial epicondle of the humerus and the coronoid process of the ulna as its origin?

Pronator Teres

What muscle has the midshaft of the radius as its insertion?

Pronator Teres

What muscle acts synergistically with pronator quadratus to pronate forearm; and is a weak elbow flexor?

Flexor Carpi Radialis and Palmaris Longus

What muscle has the medial epicondyle of the humerus as its origin?

Flexor Carpi Radialis

What muscle has the base of metacarpals 2 and 3 as its insertion?

Flexor Carpi Radialis

What muscle is a powerful flexor of the wrist and abducts the hand?

Palmaris Longus

What muscle has the palmar aponeurosis; and the skin and fascia of the palm as its insertion?

Palmaris Longus

What muscle flexes the wrist (weak), and tenses the sin and fascia of the palm?

Flexor Carpi Ulnaris

What muscle has the medial epicondyle of the humerus and the olecranon process and posterior surface of the ulna as its origin?

Flexor Carpi Ulnaris

What muscle has the base of metacarpal 5; pisiform and hamate bones as its insertion?

Flexor Carpi Ulnaris

What muscle is a powerful flexor of the wrist and adducts hand?

Flexor Digitorum Superficialis

What muscle has the medial epicondyle of the humerus, coronoid process of ulna, and the shaft of the radius as its origin?

Flexor Digitorum Superficialis

What muscle has the middle phalanges of fingers 2-5 as its insertion?

Flexor Digitorum Superficialis

What muscle flexes the wrist and middle phalanges f fingers 2-5?

Flexor Digitorum Profundus

What muscle has the anteromedial surface of the ulna, interosseous membrane, and the coronoid process as its origin?

Flexor Digitorum Profundus

What muscle has the Distal phalanges of fingers 2-5 as its insertion?

Flexor Digitorum Profundus

What muscle is the sole muscle that flexes distal phalanges; and assits in wrist flexion?

Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus

What muscle has the lateral supracondylar ridge of the humerus as its origin?

Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus

What muscle has the base of metacarpal 2 as its insertion?

Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus

What muscle extends and abducts the wrist?

Extensor Digitorum

What muscle has the lateral epicondyle of the humerus as its origin?

Extensor Digitorum

What muscle has by the four tendons into distal phalanges of fingers 2-5 as its insertion?

Extensor Digitorum

What muscle is a prime mover of finger extension; extends the wrist; and can falre (abduct) fingers?

Extensor Carpi Ulnaris

What muscle has the lateral epicondyle of the humerus, and the posterior border of the ulna as its Origin?

Extensor Carpi Ulnaris

What muscle has the base of metacarpal 5 as its insertion?

Extensor Carpi Ulnaris

What muscle extends and adducts wrist?

Supinator

What muscle has the epicondyle of the humerus; and the proximal ulna as its origin?

Supinator

What muscle has the proximal end f the radius as its insertion?

Supinator

What muscle acts with biceps brachii to supinate forearm; and is an anatagonist of pronator muscles?

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