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Thalamus

Lower forebrain. Interpretation and relaying of sensory information. It receives information from all senses except smell. Organizes all information and relays it to higher brain areas.

Hypothalamus

Lower forebrain. Regulates many processes. It controls hunger, thirst, sexual arousal, emotional responses, bodies' internal temperature.

Limbic System

Midbrain, includes amygdala, and hippocampus. collectively involved in emotional expression, memory, and motivation.

Amygdala

Forebrain. Triggers aggressive and fear responses. Connection of sensations and emotions. Limbic system.

Corpus Callosum

Transfer of information between the two cerebral hemispheres. Bundle of nerves.

Frontal Lobe

Two lobes at the front of the cortex. One on each side of the brain. Mostly plan actions and show normal social and emotional behavior. Gives one self-awareness.

Parietal Lobe

Two lobes at the upper middle of the cortex. One on each side of brain. They contain the somatosensory area where feeling sensations are processed.

Temporal Lobe

Two lobes at the side of the cortex. One on each hemisphere. They contain areas important to hearing and understanding speech.

Occipital Lobe

Two lobes at the back of the cortex on each side of the brain. They contain areas important to vision.

Pons

Hindbrain. Produces chemicals, regulates sleep.

Medulla

Hindbrain. Controls vital reflexes. Regulation of breathing, heart rate and blood pressure.

Cerebellum

Hindbrain. Control of finely coordinated movements. Coordination center, voluntary movement and balance. "Small brain."

Somatic Nervous System

voluntary system, controls skeletal muscles; interacts with external environment.

Autonomic Nervous System

Involuntary system, regulates body's internal environment, including organs, glands, blood vessels.

Sympathetic Nervous System

Prepares body for action; mobilizes energy resources.

Parasympathetic Nervous System

Conserves body's energy; returns body to normal, quiet state after an emergency.

Pituatary

located in brain, releases growth hormone, regulate glands

thyroid gland

neck, releases throxin, effects metabolism

adreual gland

releases adrenaline, epinephrine, norepinephrine, corticoids

pancreas

releases insulin into blood regulate sugar

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