The European Conquest of the Americas

40 terms by MMNS 

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Vikings

These people came across North America in the eleventh century.

Columbus

In the fifteenth century, this man discovered North America.

Europeans

Because of this discovery the ________ increased their power and and dynamism suring the half millennium.

Waterway

The Americas had a well-developed interior _______ that were free of obstructions and ofered easy acess to the interior of the country.

Climate

The _____ in the Americas is attrative, ranging from the hot and humid Amazon Basin to the cold North.

Rio Grande

The _________ is the river between Mexico and the United States.

Peru

The Spaniards generally lived in Mexico and _____, their two principle centers.

Indians

The ______ were said to have been there 20,000 years before the "discovery" of the Americas

Alaska

After the ice age, the sea level lowered creating a land bridge from Siberia to _______

Arrows

The Indians used______

Regimentation

The Indians were weakened by

Aztecs

The concept of war as a short-term ritual endeavor was a weakness for who?

The Indians

These people were decimated by epidemics

Pizarro

The natives believed that Cortez and _____ were gods

Win

The Spanished killed to ______

Numbers

The Europeans lacked what in terms of soldiers?

Guns

The Europeans used _______ in battle.

Spaniards

These people came to conquer the Americas and were often referred to as conquistadors

Aztecs

________ were Native Americans who occupied the region around Mexico City at the time of the Spanish conquest.

Cataclysm

A violent upheavel that causes great destruction or brings out a fundamental change is______________

South America

Incas were ancient natives of what continent?

Quechua

___________ is a member of a South American Indian people in Peru who were formerly the ruling class of the Inca Empire

Nobility

Aristocracy refers to _________

Hereditary

Passed genetically, or capable of being passed genetically, from one generation to the next is the definition for __________

Assimilation

_________ is the process in which one group takes on the cultural and other traits of a larger group

Mesoamerica

_________ is a region of Central America and southern North America that was occupied by several civilizations, especially the Maya, in pre-Columbian times.

1500

By A.D _______ the New World had reached the stage of civilization that Egypt and Mesopotamia had attained about 2500 BC.

2000

How many distinct languages were spoken?

23

According to Anthropologists, how many culture areas were in the New World?

Yucatan

Where were the Mayans located?

Arts

What did the Mayans help develop?

Tenth

What was the last century of flourishing for the Mayans?

Texcoco

What Lake did the Aztecs settle on?

Chinampas

What did the Aztecs use to create more arable land?

Tenochtitlan

What was the capital of the Aztec empire?

Yahgans

Who were the least intelligent Amerindian tribe?

Venice

What did conqueror Cortes compare the capital of the Aztec empire to?

Unity

What was lacked among the Indians?

Hearts

The Aztecs offered what to the gods?

Agriculture

The Indians were brilliantly successful in ________.

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