5 Written Questions
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Ratios formed by the sides of a right triangle. Useful in finding the missing sides of a right triangle given an angle and a side. Trigonometric ratios include sine (sin), cosine (cos), and tangent (tan). Other ratios (not covered in this chapter) are: cosecant, secant, and cotangent
- trigonometric ratio: abbreviation sin; the sine of an acute angle in a right triangle equals the side opposite the angle divided by the hypotenuse (sin A = opp/hyp)
- Three positive integers that satisfy a^2 + b^2 = c^2, that is, they could be the three side lengths of a right triangle. Primitive triples include: 3, 4, 5; 5, 12, 13, and 8, 15, 17. More triples can be formed by multiplying each member of a primitive triple by the same multiplier; for example, since 3, 4, 5 is a triple, so is 6, 8, 10.
- Gives us the measure of the angle whose sin/cos/tan is a given ratio value. "Undoes" sin, cos, or tan. Written using a "-1" (looks like an exponent, but isn't). Also called "arc," such as arcsin, arccos, arctan. Example: arcsin(1/2) = 30 degrees. Useful in finding missing angle values in right triangles.
- Special right triangle: isosceles right triangle where the legs are congruent and the hypotenuse = leg * sqrt(2)
5 True/False Questions
30-60-90 right triangle → Special right triangle: hypotenuse = shorter side 2; longer side = shorter side sqrt(3)
tangent → trigonometric ratio: abbreviation tan; the tangent of an acute angle in a right triangle equals the side opposite the angle divided by the adjacent side (tan A = opp/adj)
SOH CAH TOA → Mnemonic device to help remember the trig ratios in a right triangle: sin = opp/hyp; cos = adj/hyp; tan = opp/adj
Pythagorean Theorem → In a right triangle with legs a and b and hypotenuse c, a^2 + b^2 = c^2
Acute triangle → In a triangle with shorter sides a and b and longer side c, if a^2 + b^2 > c^2, then the triangle is acute