Earth is at the center, also called the ptolemaic
sun is at the center, discovered by Copernicus and Kepler
What did Galileo discover
the telescope, he got in trouble with the catholic church
What did Newton discover
the universal law of gravitation
Descatres discovered what?
"I think therefore I am, rationalism, and the scientific method
where reason is the chief source of knowledge, to think about something is to know about it
Who were the two main players in the enlightenment?
Newton & Locke
What did newton see the world as?
a giant machine
What did Locke think of?
people as a blank slate, shaped by experiences (tabula rasa)
What do philosphes do?
What did Montesquie do?
checks & balances, separation of
Voltaire did what?
fought for religious freedom
What did Rousseau
social contract theory
what is the social contract theory
the entire society agrees to be governed by its general will
What was laissez-faire
let the people do what they want, and the government should not be involved with the economy.
What did adam smith write about?
the wealth of nations
what is the salon
an important place where artisans and thinkers came together to discuss theories
Most Europeans were what?
what is the enlightenment
a belief that all people are born with certain natural right
what are the natural rights?
life, liberty, & property
what were enlightened rulers?
fair and allowed people freedoms while nurturing the arts and science
What is an enlightened absolutism
rulers try to live out enlightened ideals while maintaining power
Who was the only leader that actually tried to be enlightened
Tell about the Latin American economy
farming was important, had plantations, traded finished goods for raw material, had catholic missionaries
Who had been in Latin american for some time
spain and portugal
Tell about the multicultural society
europeans were in charge, natives followed the rules & worked, and the africans were slaves
What happened in the Austrian War of Succession
Maria Theresa inherits the throne and others challenge her for land
What happens in the Seven Year way
Who fought in these wars?
France, Austria, Britain, Prussia, GB always won,
Where are the wars fought?
north america (french/indian) Europe, and India