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Growth Hormone

Anterior Pituitary
Many organs
Promotion of bone growth

Prolactin

Anterior Pituitary
Breasts (female)
Production of breast milk

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

Anterior Pituitary
Thyroid gland
Stimulates thyroid growth and activity

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

Anterior Pituitary
Ovaries/Testes
Follicle/perm development of ovaries/testes

Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

Anterior Pituitary
Ovaries/Testes
Women: regulates estrogen secretion and ovum development
Men: testosterone production

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)

Anterior Pituitary
Adrenal cortex
Regulates endocrine activity of the adrenal cortex, stimulates cortisol release

Melatonin

Pineal Gland
Many organs
Biological clock

Thyroid Hormone

Thyroid Gland
All cells
Major metabolic hormone

Calcitonin

Thyroid Gland
Bone and kidneys
Decreases blood calcium levels

Parathyroid Hormone

Parathyroid Gland
Bone and kidneys
Releases blood calcium levels in the blood

Insulin

Pancreas
Liver and Skeletal Muscles
Allows glucose to cross plasma membrane into cells

Glucagon

Pancreas
Liver and Skeletal Muscles
Allows glucose to enter the blood

Estrogen

Ovaries
Breasts (female), testes (male)
Stimulate the development of secondary female characteristics, regulate menstrual cycle

Progesterone

Ovaries
Uterus, breasts (female)
Helps with menstrual cycle, helps establish and maintain pregnancy

Testosterone

Testes
Sexual organs (male)
Responsible for addle male secondary sex characteristics, promotes growth and maturation of male reproductive system, required for sperm cell production

Cortisol (Cortex)

Adrenal Glands
Many organs
Help resist long-term stressors, released in response to increased blood levels of ACTH

Aldosterone (Cortex)

Adrenal Glands
Kidney
Regulate water and electrolyte balance, brings in Na+ ions

Epinephrine/Norepinephrine (Medulla)

Adrenal Glands
Cardiovascular/Respiratory
Fight or flight

Oxytocin

Posterior Pituitary
Uterus and breasts (female)
Stimulates contractions of the uterus during labor

Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)

Posterior Pituitary
Kidneys
Urine production by promoting water reabsorption by the kidneys

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