The War For Europe and North Africa

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People, places, and events during World War II

Battle of the Atlantic

the fight for control of the ocean shipping lanes between U-Boats and Allied ships

The Battle of Stalingrad

During the spring of 1942, Hitler renewed assaults on the Soviet Union. He pulled people from Italy, Romania, and Hungary. They soon set their sites on the industrial city of Stalingrad, one of the largest cities in the Soviet union. Its factories produced a lot of the equipment for the Soviet armies so it was a prime target. The Battle of Stalingrad was one of the most brutal of the war. After the bombing of the city, German troops moved into the ruins and wiped out the surviving Soviets. Because this city was named after Stalin, he would fight without worrying about the costs. The Soviets managed to regroup and push back the Nazis, eventually defeating them and striking a death-blow to the Germans.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

leader of the Allied forces in Europe during WW2--leader of troops in Africa and commander in DDay invasion

Italian Campaign

The allied campaign to take Italy. It took 18 months, from 1943-1944. Italy surrendered after many beach landings and other dangerous tactics.

Tuskegee Airmen

332 Fighter Group famous for shooting down over 200 enemy planes. African American pilots who trained at the Tuskegee flying school.

D-Day

The most important battle in the European part of the war, allies stormed beaches and made it through to the mainland, landing in France and moving towards Germany (June 6, 1944)

George Patton

Known as "Old Blood and Guts," George S. Patton, Jr. was one of the most colorful generals of World War II. During World War II he served in North Africa and Sicily before becoming the commander of the Third Army. (Liberated Paris, France)

Battle of the Bulge

December, 1944-January, 1945 - After recapturing France, the Allied advance became stalled along the German border. In the winter of 1944, Germany staged a massive counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg which pushed a 30 mile "bulge" into the Allied lines. The Allies stopped the German advance and threw them back across the Rhine with heavy losses.

Liberation of Death Camps

Concentration camps are taken over by the Allied forces

V-E Day

May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered

Harry S. Truman

The 33rd U.S. president, who succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt upon Roosevelt's death in April 1945. Truman, who led the country through the last few months of World War II, is best known for making the controversial decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan in August 1945. After the war, Truman was crucial in the implementation of the Marshall Plan, which greatly accelerated Western Europe's economic recovery.

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