Medical Prefixes & Suffixes

267 terms by Dyrian 

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-an

relating to, native of, like saurian

acanth-

spiny, thorny, prickly: acanthocyte

acetabul-

hip socket, acetabulum

acous-

hearing: acoustic

actin-

light: actinometer

acu-

sharp, severe, sudden: acupuncture

acusis, acusia, acousia

hearing: anacusis

agog

to drive, flow, elicit: galactagogoue

agon

assemble

agra

excessive pain: pellagra

alges

sensitivity to pain: hyperalgesia

alveol

air sac: alveolectomy

ambly

dim, dull: amblyaphia

-amine

nitrogen compound: amino acid

amni

fetal membrane; amniotic fluid

amyl

starch

anis

unequal

ankyl

stiff

apheresis

removal

aphth

ulcer

a

without; avascular

ab

from; abduct

-ac

pertaining to; cardiac

acr-

extremity; acromegaly

ad

to,toward; adduct

aden

gland; adenoid

adip-

fat;adipocyte

aer-

air; aerobic

af-

toward; afferent

-al

pertaining to; brachi-al

alb-

white; albino

-algia

pain; neurolgia

allo-

other; allograft

ana-

up, back; anaphase

andro-

male; androgen

angio-

vessel; angiogram

ante-

before; antebrachial

anti-

against, antibiotic

apo

from; apocrine

arachn-

spider; arachnid

arter-

artery; arterial

arthro

joint; arthroscopy

-asis, -asia

state, condition; homeostasis, homeostasia

astro-

star; astrocyte

atel-

imperfect; atelectasis

aur-

ear; auricle

auto-

self; automatic

baro-

pressure; barometer

bi-

two; bifurcate

bio-

life; biology

blast-

precursor; blasocyst

brachi-

arm; brachiocephalic

brachy-

short; brachydactyly

brady-

slow; bradycardia

bronch-

windpipe, airway; bronchial

carcin-

cancer;carcinogenic

cardi-

heart; cardia

-cele

tumor, hernia, swelling; blasto-cele

-centesis

puncture; thoraco-centesis

cephal-

head; brachiocephalic

cerebr-cerebro-

brain; cerebral

cervic-

neck: cervical

chole-

bile; cholecystitis

-chondrion

granule; mitochondrion

chondro-

cartilage; chondrocyte

chrom-

color; chromatin

circum-

around; circumduction

-clast

broken; osteo-clast

coel-

cavity; coelom

colo-

colon

contra-

against; contralateral

corp-

body; corpuscle

cortic-

rind or bark; corticospinal

cost-

rib; costal

cranio

skull; craniosacral

cribr-

sieve; cribriform

-crine

to separate; endocrine

cut-

skin; cutaneous

cyan-

blue; cyanosis

cyst-

sac; blastocyst

cyt-

hollow cell; cytology

de-

from, away; deactivation

dendr-

tree; dendrite

dent-

teeth; dental

derm

skin; epiderm

desmo

band; desmosome

di

twice; disaccharid

dia

through; diameter

digit

finger or toe; digital

dipl-

double; diploid

dis-

apart, away from; disability

diure-

to urinate; diuresis

dys-

painful; dysmenorrhea

-ectasis

expansion; atelectasis

ecto

outside; ectoderm

-ectomy

excision; appendectomy

ef

away from; efferent

emmetro

improper measure; emmetropia

encephalo

brain; encephalitis

end, endo

inside; endometrium

entero

intestine; enteric

epi

on; epimysium

erythema

flushed (skin); erythematosis

erythro

red; erythrocyte

ex

out, away from; exocytosis

extra

outside of, beyond, in addition; extracellular

ferr

iron; transferrin

fil

thread; filament

-form

shape; fusiform

gastr

stomach; gastrointestinal

-gen, genic

to produce; mutagen

genicula

kneelike structure; geniculates

genio

chin; geniohyoid

gest

to bear; gestation

glosso

tongue; hypoglossal

glyco

sugar; glycogen

-gram

record; myogram

gran

grain; granulocyte

-graph, -graphia

to write, record; electroencephalograph

gyne, gyno

woman; gynecologist

hem, hemato

blood; hemopoiesis

hemi

half; hemisphere

hepato

liver; hepatocyte

hetero

other; heterozygous

histo

tissue; histology

holo

entire; holocrine

homeo, homo

same; homeostasis

hyal, hyalo

glass; hyaline

hydro

water; hydrolysis

hyo

u-shaped; hyoid bone

hyper

above; hyperpolarization

hypo

under; hypothyroid

hyster

uterus; hysterectomy

-ia

state or condition; insomnia

idi

one's own

ile-

ileum; ileocolic sphincter

ili-

illium; largest bone of pelvis

in-

into, not; inactive

infra

below, inferior; infraorbital

inguin

groin

inter

between; interventricular

intra

within, into; intracapsular

ipsi

same; ipsilateral

iso

same, equal; isotonic

-itis

inflammation; dermatitis

karyo

body; megakaryocyte

kerato

horn; keratin

kino, -kinin

to move; bradykinin

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