Articles of Confederation: Structure
1 branch (congress), I house
Articles of Confederation: weakness
national government had very little power, state governments had most power
Articles of Confederation: strength
northwest ordinance-expanded country
What was Shay's Rebellion?
Shay and farmers rebelled national government because of financial trouble
What did Shay's rebellion lead to?
congress calling convention to fix articles of confederation
what were the three issues discussed in the convention?
great compromise, 3/5s compromise, how to choose president
new jersey plan
small states wanted 3 branches, and 1 house with equal representation
large states wanted 3 branches, and 1 house with proportional representation
3 branches, 2 houses-house of representatives-proportional, senate-equal
according to the electoral college, who chooses our president? what are federalists? anti-federalists?
electors chosen by people/voters, people who support constitution, people against constitution
who is the father of the constitution?
what was the most important thing james madison did?
most influence on writing of constitution
what is checks and balances?
system that allows each branch to limit the powers of the other branches
what is the judicial review/ supreme courts power?
to declare a law (un)constitutional
in order for a bill to become a law, it must be passed by who and signed by who?
congress has the power to pass laws that are needed to carry out their powers because of the...?
the success of the constitution is because of the strong framework of the government, and the ability to...... it
what branch protects the rights in the bill of rights?
which framer was the author of the bill of rights?
what are rights under the "miranda warning"?
right to remain silent, anything they say can be used against them in a trial
freedom of religion
freedom of speech
freedom of press
freedom of assembly
right to petition
right to bear arms; a citizen has the right to his own guns
a person has the right to refuse to house any soldier
protects people and their belongings from unreasonable search and seizure
rights of citizens accused of a crime
right to a grand jury hearing
protects from double jeopardy
cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law (a fair trial)
the government cannot take someone's property for public use without fair compensation
rights that provide accused people with fair trials
speedy and public trial by a fair jury of people who live in area
defended must be told the charge, time, and place of crime
right to hear and question all witnesses
right to an attorney
prevents judges from demanding excessive bail, and protects citizens from cruel and unusual punishment
other rights of people
other rights of states