Sociology Exam 1 Naminat0r

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Exam 1

The concept used to describe opening a window into unfamiliar worlds that allows us to understand human behavior by placing it within its broader social context is called __

Social Perspective.

When sociologist group people into categories based on their age, gender, education level, job, and income, they are trying to determine their __

Social Location

The notion that only the fittest members of society deserve to survive and that social programs to help the poor will ultimately weaken the social order is a doctrine known as __

Darwinism

The titles Karl Marx used to describe the 2 classes in society were the ___ and __

The Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat

Max Weber used the term verstehen to mean __

to grasp by insight

Sociologist who analyze how behavior depends on the ways that people define themselves and other are most likely __

symbolic interaction ism

College provides a haven for millions of potential works who are classified as students rather than unemployed which helps stabilize the job market. This situation represents who Merton would describe as __

latent functions

The research model that involves a collection of data by having people answer a series of questions is __.

surveys

The term __ refers to the extent to which different studies come up with similar results

Reliability

Using police records, crime reports, and economic reports, Max will test his hypothesis that unemployed men are more likely to commit spousal abuse than men who are employed. He will most likely use a form of __ analysis to test his hypothesis

Quantitative

What is the greatest flaw in using self-administered questionnaires for a research study?

Researcher loses control over conditions.

What is the major problem using participant observation as a research tool?

General Ability

While conducting research on domestic abuse, Tana asked workers at a battered women's shelter "What do you think causes men to abuse their wives/" and then permitted them to elaborate on their answers. What terms is used to describe such a question with this type of answering option?

Open Ended Questions

Steve and Naomi are counting the empty whiskey bottles in trash cans to measure the level of whiskey consumption in town. These researchers are using a method of research referred to as?

Unobtrusive measures

Matthew is completing his Master's thesis which addresses the culture of outlaw motorcycle gangs. For the past six months he has been riding with such a gang, observing and describing their behavior in a attempt to present a view of these gang members perspective. Matthew is employing which research method?

Qualitative

What are the 3 qualities on which research ethics are based?

1) Open
2) Informed Consent
3) Anonymity

Why did a number of sociologist think Laud Humphrey's research on tearooms was unethical?

He did not inform the test subjects that he was a researcher.

Language, beliefs, values, norms, behavior, material objects, and technology passed from 1 generation to the next by members of society describe?

Culture

Jewelry, art, hairstyles, and clothing each represent examples of __

material culture

Compairing the refusal of Christians to accept Islam as a valid religion is to ethnocentrism as making a sincere effort to understand the practice of having multiple wives in some societies is to __

Culture Relativism.

When a group has a distinctive way of looking at life, but at the same time their values and norms reflect the dominant culture of their society, the group would be considered a __

Sub-Culture

Most American HS routinely schedule ceremonies to recognize the most talented student athletes and scholars. Such activities illustrate the importance that Americans place on the value of __

Achievement and Success.

In the "Nature vs. Nurture" argument regarding socialization, the "nurture" component refers to __

social environment

The process by which we develop a sense of self-referred to as the "looking glass self" was developed by __

Intimate early interaction .

George Herbert Mead theorized that learning to take the role of the other entails 3 stages which are the __

Imitation, Play, and Team Games stages

what concept do Sociologist have in mind when they say "society makes us human?"

Socialization

Our image of who we are is called the

Self

What term would Mead use to refer to the norms, values, attitudes, and expectations of the public?

Culture

Mead describes the active, creative, and spontaneous part of the self as the __

I

According to Piaget, the stage of development that is dominated by touching, listening,looking, and the inability to recognize cause and effect is the __?

Sensorimotor stage

How does the mass media influence gender roles in contemporary American society?

Reinforce gender roles considered appropriate for one's sex

People and groups that influence our orientation to life, our self-concept, emotions, attitudes, and behavior are called __

Agents of Socialization

What terms applies to the stages people pass through from birth to death, beginning with "childhood" and concluding with "the older years?"

Life course

In the Research model, the step in which the author of the research specifies hat he or she wants to learn about the topic of study is called?

Defining the problem

In research, to generalize one's findings to a total population, what is the most important quality the sample must possess?

Random Sample

The sociologist responsible for suggesting the connection between history and biography to explain the sociological imagination was __

C. Wright Mills

Of the following, which variables do sociologist emphasize the most as being the determining motivation for our thinking and behavior?

External Influences- our experiences- become part of our thinking and motivation.s the society in which we group up, and our particular location in that society, lie at the center of what we do and how we think.

The first goal of each scientific discipline is to __

Explain why something happens

The first person to propose that the scientific method could be applied to the study of social life was __

Auguste Comte

Durkheim referred to patterns of behavior that characterize a social group as __

Social Integration.

Mark views society as a system of interrelated parts, while John views society as composed of groups competing for scare resources. Mark would be considered a __ theorist and John would be seen as a __ theorist.

Mark is a FunctionalistTheorist

John is a Conflict heorist

People all over the world, especially college students, are breaking down national boundaries because of advances in communication, trade, and travel. This is referred to as :

Globalization

Which group of social theorist would focus most on macro-level analysis when examining patterns of society?

A researcher interested in doing a macro level study would choose race relations as a topic.

Of the following research topics, which most qualifies as research micro-level?

Waiting in public places, interactions between people on street corners, and meat
packers at work are all topics that would interest a micro level researcher.

Which sociological perspectives are best to use in developing an accurate understanding of society?

Unable to determine which is accurate.

Conflict theorist would content that changes in __ explain the high divorce rates in United States

Conflict theorists might explain the high rate of divorce by looking at societies basic inequalities between males and females.

Sociologist use the concept of Norm as:

Every group develops expectations about the right ways to reflect its values.

Which of the following groups would NOT be an example of a counterculture?

Motorcycle enthusiasts who emphasize personal freedom and speed, while maintaining values of success, form part of a subculture, not a counterculture.

Motorcycle gangs who commit crimes and use illegal drugs are an example of a counterculture.

Sociologically speaking, the Hell's Angels are an example of counterculture.

Based on studies of isolated and institutionalized children, what is the key variable in acquiring the basic "human traits" we take for granted?

Studies of institutionalized children demonstrate that some of the characteristics that we take for granted as being "human" traits result not from basic instincts but rather from early close relations with other humans.

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