Muhammud and East Asia

27 terms by eam722 

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quaraysh

most important clan in Mecca

Abu Talib

muhammud's uncle (adopted)
member of the quaraysh

al-amin

trustworthy

khadija

wealthy widow that marries Muhammud, tells him he is rasul (she is the 1st muslim ever)

what happened at mt. hira in 610?

muhammud has a revelation and gabriel speaks to him reciting the opening of the quran.

umma

community

mu'minun

believers

5 pilars of islam

salat
zakat
bukhari
hajj - pilgrimage around the kaba
shahada - oneness

jihad

"struggle" "Holy war"

jahiliya

ignorance

Aisha

married at 7 years - muhammuds next wife
"guardian"

Abu Bakr

same age as muhammud (aisha's dad)

fatimah

plays a critical role - enimies w aisha
daughter of prophet
marries ali (son of abu talib and cousin of muhammud)

four caliphs

fitna
khalifa
imam
amir

sacred centers

iraq (najaf and karbala) and south arabia (mecca and medina)

najaf and karbala

najaf - ali
karbala - husayn

early conquests

arabian peninsula
syria
armenia
egypt
N. Africa
Persia

The Umayyad Caliphate

1. build new capital to break w/ past
2. establish new armies
3. regulate women and social divisions
4. built monuments to reflect ideology
5. patron of the arts and education for men

pilgrimage

associated with:
religion
the past
holy individual
community's identify
individual identity
journey is just as important as destination

xuanzang

doesn't trust what he's being taught
wants to learn buddhism in original language
goes on pilgrimage to sacred sites
studies at nalanda university

Li Qinzhao

educated women poet

foot binding

high class

dynasties (instability in china)

northern song
jin
southern song

northern song

strongest that came out of these
kaifeng = capital
khitan = nomads in mongolia
jurchens = nomads that overthrow + create jin.

jin

attack on song leads to the largest migration ever
defeated by mongols
relocate to south - hangzhao

southern song

capital - hangzhao

tang - changan

palace is at top of city
symmetrical

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