Abraham bin Yiju and the Crusdaes

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abraham bin yiju

travels 1120-1140
jewish
tunisia, s. india, cario

merovingians

clovis unified territory that evolved in carolingians

carolingians

charlemagne
holy roman empire
defenders of christian church in the west
mutual recognition of abassid empire at their height

charlemagne

crowned emperor of the HRE

northern europe

flanders, brugesm ghent (important in the production of wool)

champagne fairs

traders come and set up booths to sell their wool

italians dealt with ___________ and brought goods from the ____________________

money, middle east

in order to sell these goods you must have a _______________

jewish merchant

christians aren't allowed to trade with ______

muslims

people need __________ to move goods around

jewish merchants

west asia

byzantines and abassids

byzantines

greek orthodoxy
alexios I is frustrated because people are pushing his boarders, so he writes a letter to the west asking for help.

abbasids

sejuk turks sack baghdad to scare the caliph
many of the franks don't know how segmented the middle east is.

alexios' letter to enemy

gets them on his side
mutual feelings toward group
scare them into what will happen
gets romans on his side

pope urban II

gives speech about why they need to defeat muslims
"call for the crusades"

call for the crusades

automatic ticket to heaven
"armed pilgrimage"
gets people out of jail to fight for the holy land
protection of family, women, and children

conquest of jerusalem: abraham

abraham is offstage
all of his family is on the coast being captured
crusades aren't affecting arabian sea or egypt
he is immune

order of events in the crusades

1095- call for crusades
1096- franks on the move to middle east
1099- franks conquer jerusalem
1150- new caliphate called ayyubids
1204- 4th crusade
1241- attack by mongols

frankish conquer of jerusalem

alexiad writes account of the conquer
doesn't involve byzantines
franks divide areas up into crusader states (antioch, tripoli, edessa, jerusalem)

alexiad's book

similar to the iliad
in the end- tells of pressure of turks and how crusaders are on their own

ayyubids

from kurdistan
salah ad-din was kurdish

4th crusade

another major push by the franks to reconquer jerusalem (failed)
franks got stuck at constantinople (sack byzantine)
greek and catholic relationship is severed

attack of the mongols

hungary and poland
raid europe: successful
want to convert so that they can attack muslims
christians send out priests
mongol leader died and mongols never come back

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