major subfields of psychology

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subfields of psychology

Behavioral genetics

studies the inheritance of traits related to behavior

Behavior neuroscience

examines the biological basis of behavior

Clinical psycology

deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of psycological disorders

Clinical neuropsychology

unites the areas of biopsychology and clinical psychology, focusing on the relationship between biological factors and psychological disorders

Cognitive psychology

focuses on the study of higher mental processes

Counceling psychology

focuses primarly on educational, social, and career adjustment problems

Cross-cultural psychology

investigates the simularities and differences in psychological functioning in and across various cultures and ethnic groups

Developmental psychology

examines how people grow and change from the moment of conception through death

Educational psychology

is concerned with teaching and learning processes, such as the relationship between motivation and school performance

Environmental psychology

considers the relationship between people and their physical environment

Evolutionary psychology

considers how behavior is influenced by our genetic inheritance from our ancestors

Experimental psychology

studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, learning, and thinking anout the world

Forensic psychology

focuses on legal issues, such as determining the accuracy of witness memories

Health psychology

explores the relationship between psychological factors and physical ailments or disease

Industrial/ Organizational psychology

is concerned with psychology of the workplace

Personality psychology

focuses on the consistency in people's behavior over time and the traits that differentiate one person from another

Program evaluation

focuses on assessing large-scale programs, such as the Head Start preschool program, to determine whether they are effective in meeting their goals

Psychology of women

focuses on issues such as discrimination against women and the causes of violence against women

School psychology

is devoted to counseling children in elementary and secondary schools who have academic or emotional problems

Social psychology

is the study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and actions are effected by others

Sports psychology

applies psychology to athletic activity and exercise

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