Mission statement for a new nation, outlining the purposes of the constitution
Seperation of Powers
(one of the basic principles of the US constitution)
Dividing the powers of government among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
the branch of the United States government that is responsible for carrying out the laws
the branch of the United States government responsible for the administration of justice
the lawmaking branch of government
ensures that all power ultimately rests in the people's hands
a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power.
a clause in Article VI of the U.S. Constitution that declares the constitution, laws, and treaties of the federal government to be "the supreme law of the land" to which judges in every state are bound regardless of state law to the contrary
McCulloch v.Maryland (1819)
"bank case" ruled that in a conflict between national and state power, the national government is supreme
"steamboat case" established that Congress has sole authority to regulate interstate commerce
Full faith and Credit Clause
provides that the various states must recognize and respect "legislative acts, public records, and judicial decisions" of the other states within the US
Powers that Congress has that are specifically listed in the Constitution. Examples are printing money, regulating interstate and international trade, making treaties, conducting foreign policy, and declaring war.
powers that Congress has that are not stated explicitly in the Constitution
Elastic/Necessary and Proper Clause
clause in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution that gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out its expressed powers
Powers shared by the state and federal governments Examples are power to collect taxes, borrow money, and set up courts and prisons.
powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states. Examples are regulating trade within state borders, establishing schools, and making rules for marraige and divorce.